Tag Archives: WW2

1 November 1941: Cluster Bombs on Valletta


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Thermos bomb

Thermos bomb


“I had to get the bombs out.  I couldn’t carry them: depending as they did on vibration to explode, they could go off and destroy me…” (1)

The city of Valletta was at a standstill this morning as the centre was cordoned off by the civil defence authorities.  According to the police, large numbers of unexploded bombs have been reported across a wide area of the city.  The Royal Engineers Bomb Disposal Officer has warned that the bombs are extremely sensitive to disturbance and ordered that no-one is to enter the closed areas until they have been cleared.  Lt George Carroll explained:

“When a new type of bomb was discovered, all bomb disposal officers were notified.  I [had been] informed that the Italians were dropping ‘Thermos flask’ bombs – so called because they resembled the Thermos in size and appearance.  They were designed for attacks on aerodromes, for example, so that people working on aircraft would experience explosions without warning, which would be very frightening. These bombs were intended to drop in the dusty airfields of North Africa, where they could lie undetected but affected by vibration, go off unexpectedly later. But they didn’t drop them on Hal Far or Ta Qali; they dropped them on Valletta.” (1)

Opera House, Valletta (NWMA Malta)

Opera House, Valletta (NWMA Malta)

The ‘Thermos’ are dropped in canisters each containing several bombs; authorities expect many more could still lie undetected.   Not only could anyone stumble upon one by accident; their appearance could attract the interest of innocent civilians, especially the young, who might pick them up with fatal consequences.  According to early reports, three civilians have already been killed by the bombs, including two teenagers. 

“As the Bomb Disposal Officer responsible for protecting the civilian population, I informed the police of this and told them to let the local people know that if they came across anything resembling a Thermos flask they must leave it alone and report it to the police, who would inform me.  Not long afterwards, the police contacted me to the effect that they had something like sixteen of them in the basement of the Opera House, which was their police station.  I had to get the bombs out.  I couldn’t carry them: depending as they did on vibration to explode, they could go off and destroy me…” (1)

No air raids.

Military casualties  Sergeant Ian R McCalman, Royal Australian Air Force; Sergeant Ernest D Spry, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (RAFVR); Sergeant John T Ackroyd, RAFVR; Bombardier William J J Bowen, Gunner Alfred H Porter, Lance Sergeant Frederick J Shapley, 4 Bty, 484 Searchlight Regt; Gunner Philip Brown, Gunner James Connell, Gunner Francis Hampton, Bombardier George Sharples, 10 Bty 7 HAA Regiment Royal Artillery; Gunner James M F Watson, Gunner Beryl E Crossland, Royal Artillery.

Civilian casualties  Valletta  Caterina Agius, age 50; Edward Borg, age 16; Paul Camilleri, age 14.  Marsa  Peter Bonett, age 52. 

FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB  Reported 152; dealt with 131(1 x 500lb; 128 Thermos; 2 x 2kg incendiary).

(1) Lt George Carroll, Royal Engineers Bomb Disposal Officer Malta, 1941-42. Interviewed 2005 for UXB Malta, S A M Hudson, History Press 2010

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Posted by on November 1, 2021 in 1941, November 1941


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Malta: Courage and the George Cross

“To honour her brave people I award the George Cross to the Island fortress of Malta to bear witness to a heroism and devotion that will long be famous in history.”  King George VI, 15 April 1942.
Valletta, April 1942 (NWMA Malta)
Welcome to MaltaGC70, set up to mark the 70th anniversary of the award of the George Cross to the Island of Malta.
From 1 November 2011 day by day, hour by hour, you can follow the ordeal faced by this tiny Island and its people 70 years ago, as the siege of Malta unfolded.   
Taken from original War Diaries, photographs and other official documents as well as journals and memories of those who were there, MaltaGC70 tracks the course of enemy bombing raids as they increase in frequency and ferocity, until the tiny Island becomes the most bombed place on earth.  RAF and Royal Navy logs show Malta on the offensive, as this island fortress plays its central role in the Allied victory in the Mediterranean.
Personal recollections show how the courage and resilience of the Maltese civilians and their military defenders earned Malta the George Cross on 15 April 1942.  MaltaGC70 celebrates the 70th anniversary of that well-deserved award in 2012.

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Posted by on November 1, 2011 in Malta: War Diary


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