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26 July 1942: 188 Air Raid Alerts in July
AIR RAID STATISTICS – JULY 1942
- Total number of air raid alerts 188
- Raid-free days Nil
- Night raids 57
- Raid-free nights 15
- Alerts for own planes 17
- Total time from air raid alert to raiders passed 3 days, 18 hrs, 3 mins
- Average length of alert 27.7 mins
AIR RAIDS DAWN 26 JULY TO DAWN 27 JULY 1942
Weather Wind southerly; clear.
0920-0943 hrs Air raid alert: three ME 109s cross the Island.
1030 hrs Eight Spitfires 603 Squadron Ta Qali are scrambled to intercept approaching enemy aircraft.
1038-1110 hrs Air raid alert. Seven JU88s attack Ta Qali, dropping high explosive and anti-personnel bombs on the airfield. High explosive bombs are dropped on the western dispersal area: one Spitfire is damaged by fire, three others by shrapnel. Delayed-action bombs are dropped opposite Cave No 4, and between the main Rabat-Valletta road and the site of Chateau Bertrand. Several anti-personnel bombs fall on Mosta. Heavy Ack Ack fire: no claims. Spitfires attack the bombers and twelve fighters after their raid: one Macchi 202 is damaged.
1405 hrs Eight Spitfires are scrambled to intercept approaching enemy aircraft but do not see them.
1411-1445 hrs Air raid alert. Five JU88s with an escort of twenty fighters attack Hal Far from 18000 feet. Heavy Ack Ack engage: no claims.
1600 hrs Eight Spitfires 603 Squadron are scrambled to intercept enemy aircraft; seven return early with engine trouble. The remaining Spitfire makes no interceptions.
1651-1740 hrs Air raid alert. Seven JU 88s with fighter escort attack Luqa, destroying one Spitfire and three Beauforts and damaging one Wellington. Twelve bombs are dropped on the Safi strip runway and on the dispersal area from a high level. Several delayed-action bombs are also dropped. Heavy Ack Ack engage. Malta fighters destroy one JU 88 and damage one ME 109.
1830 hrs; 2130 hrs Delayed-action bombs explode at Ta Qali.
2215-2300 hrs; 0020-0035 hrs Air raid alert. Two aircraft approach the Island: all bombs are dropped in the sea. Heavy Ack Ack engage and searchlights illuminate both raiders.
Military casualties Identity unknown. Civilian casualties Nil.
OPERATIONS REPORTS SUNDAY 26 JULY 1942
AIR HQ Four Hurricanes were despatched to attack Gela aerodrome. One returned early with mechanical trouble; another did not locate the target and returned with bombs. The third, owing to heavy petrol consumption, could not reach the target but released two 250lb bombs in the vicinity of Scilli. The fourth attacked Gela. Bombs were dropped from 3000 feet and buildings and motor transport machine-gunned, but no results were seen in either case.
Arrivals One Wellington, two Hudsons, one Sunderland, one Hudson from Gibraltar. One Wellington en route Gibraltar to LG 224 landed Malta. One Liberator from LG 224. Departures Two Hudsons from Gibraltar; one Wellington from LG 224. Aircraft casualties One Beaufighter skidded on landing: crew uninjured.
27 July 1942: Thousands Homeless – Governor Warns PM
GORT PRAISES MALTESE BUT WARNS OF HARDSHIPS TO COME
Lord Gort has today written to the Prime Minister, Sir Winston Churchill warning that thousands of Maltese could be homeless next winter due to the devastation wrought by enemy bombing. More than ten thousand homes have been destroyed so far and the Island lacks the manpower or resources to rebuilt them during the continuing conflict.
Gort praised the stoicism of the Maltese, whose morale has been lifted by the recent deliveries of Spitfires to the Island. However, with the loss of Malta fighters averaging three a day, he reminded the PM that more will be needed to protect any future convoy.
AIR RAIDS DAWN 27 JULY TO DAWN 28 JULY 1942
Weather Wind westerly.
0740 hrs Delayed-action bombs explode near Ta Qali camp.
0831-0840 hrs Air raid alert. Two enemy aircraft orbit north of the Island and then recede.
0855 hrs Six Spitfires 249 Squadron are scrambled to intercept approaching enemy aircraft. Sgt Beurling destroys one ME 109. Malta fighters destroy another three ME 109s and one Macchi 202, probably destroy one JU 88 and damage two JU 88s and one ME 109. Heavy Ack Ack also engage.
0915-0933 hrs Air raid alert. Nine JU88s with fighter escort attack Ta Qali, killing one Army Officer. High explosive bombs are dropped on the aerodrome and runway. Some delayed-action bombs are suspected. The aerodrome is temporarily unserviceable. 249 Squadron moves to operate from Luqa and 603 Squadron from Hal Far.
1157-1235 hrs Air raid alert. Four JU 88s attempting a bombing raid are intercepted by Malta fighters and forced to jettison their bombs in sea. They recede north without crossing the coast. One Heavy Ack Ack pointers engage. Malta fighters destroy three JU 88s and four ME 109s, and damage one JU 88 and one ME 109.
1305-1325 hrs; 1355-1420 hrs; 1545-1605 hrs Three air raid alerts sound for aircraft carrying out searches to the north east of the Island and one fighter sweep by two ME 109s. Malta fighters probably destroy one ME 109 and damage another.
1935 hrs Seven Spitfires 249 Squadron scrambled to intercept enemy aircraft see two JU 88s with a large escort of ME 109s. F/Sgt Rae probably destroys one ME 109 and one RE 2001.
1952-2026 hrs Air raid alrt. Three JU 88s bomb the Safi strip. Heavy Ack Ack engage and Malta fighters probably destroy one ME 109 and damage one RE 2001.
2040-2050 hrs Air raid alert. A further search is carried out by four enemy aircraft 25 miles north of Grand Harbour.
2245-2330 hrs Air raid alert sounds for six aircraft, of which only one crosses the coast and drops bombs south of Hal Far. Another drops bombs in the sea off Benghaisa.
Military casualties Nil. Civilian casualties Nil.
Enemy casualties Capitano Furio Doglio Niclot, 151a Squadriglia, shot down and died. Sergente Maggiore Faliero Gelli, 378a Squadriglia, 155o Gruppo, 51o Stormo, pilot of a Macchi C202, shot down and injured in the crash: taken prisoner.
OPERATIONS REPORTS MONDAY 27 JULY 1942
ROYAL NAVY Sweepers carried out a sweep of QBB 273. 1 mine cut inside channel and one outside.
AIR HQ Three Hurricanes were despatched to attack Comiso aerodrome. One could not release bombs; the other two dropped bombs in the south-west dispersal area. No results were seen.
Arrivals One Catalina, three Hudsons from Gibraltar. One Wellington en route Gibraltar to LG 224 landed Malta; three Liberators from LG 224; one DC3 from Bilbeis. Departures One Sunderland, one Hudson, one Liberator from Gibraltar; one Catalina from Aboukir; one DC3 from Bilbeis; three Wellingtons from LG 224. Aircraft casualties One Spitfire shot up in combat: pilot injured.
FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Lt T Whitworth arrived from Mid-East and posted to No. 128 Bomb Disposal Section. Lt F W Ashall posted to HQ Fortress RE. Establishment 127 Bomb Disposal Section: 1 Officer, 19 Other Ranks; 128 BD Section: 1 Officer, 16 Other Ranks.
28 July 1942: Malta Fighters Double Hat-Trick
Malta Spitfires destroyed or damaged every single bomber attempting an air raid over the Island today. In two separate raids, three JU 88 bombers were attacked by fighters on intercept missions. In the first raid one bomber was destroyed and the other two damaged; in the second, all three JU 88s were destroyed. Five enemy fighters were also damaged or destroyed in the dog-fights.
AIR RAIDS DAWN 28 JULY TO DAWN 29 JULY 1942
Weather Wind south-westerly; clear.
0836-0915 hrs Air raid alert. A strong fighter sweep by 27 ME109s. Malta fighters engage: no claims.
1113 hrs Eight Spitfires 249 Squadron Ta Qali are scrambled to intercept enemy aircraft. They spot three JU 88s, eight ME 109s and two RE 2001a. F/Sgt Rae and Sgt Gass probably destroy one JU 88. S/Ldr Mitchell probably destroys one JU 88. F/Sgt Rae and P/O Yates each damage one JU 88. F/Sgt Parkes probably destroys one ME 109. Sgt Wynn damages one ME 109. P/O McElroy damages one ME 109 and one RE 2001.
1145-1215 hrs Air raid alert. Raid does not materialise.
1420-1520 hrs Four Spitfires 249 Squadron on patrol: nil report.
1715-1747 hrs Air raid alert. Three JU88s escorted by twelve ME109s drop bombs on Hal Far and Bubaqra, and near Luqa. Heavy Ack Ack engage and Malta fighters destroy all three bombers and one ME 109. One JU 88 crashes onto Wolseley Camp of 1st Bn Dorsetshire Regt, damaging vehicles and equipment.
1720-1745 hrs Two Spitfires 249 Squadron are airborne to escort the High Speed Launch. They see a JU 88 crash on a tip of land. The Launch picks up two German parachutes.
1920-2020 hrs Two Spitfies 249 Squadron on shipping search: no sightings.
2245-2340 hrs Air raid alert for six bombers which approach singly and drop bombs on Hal Far and Luqa. Heavy Ack Ack engage and searchlights effect two illuminations.
Military casualties Sergeant Donald Hubbard, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.
Civilian casualties Ghaxaq Joseph Abela, age 13. Mosta John Fenech, age 11. Zurrieq Carmel Buhagiar, age 10; Joseph Buhagiar; Salvina D’Amato, age 18.
Enemy casualties Crews of JU 88 bombers: Gefreiter Peter Bolten, Observer, shot down and died; Unteroffizier Albert Fuehrer, Pilot, shot down and died; Unteroffizier Karl Bauer, Wireless Operator, shot down into the sea, rescued and taken prisoner; Unteroffizier Gustav Frick, Air Gunner, shot down into the sea, rescued and taken prisoner.
OPERATIONS REPORTS TUESDAY 28 JULY 1942
ROYAL NAVY Swona and Motor Launches swept approaches to Marsaxlokk. Beauforts, escorted by Beaufighters, attacked convoy and damaged one merchant vessel, which was later seen in Navarin by PRU Spitfire. Two Beauforts failed to return. Three bombs fell close to War Signal Station at Torri L’Ahmar, causing minor damage, but no casualties.
AIR HQ Nine Beauforts escorted by six Beaufighters attacked a southbound convoy comprising two destroyers and one 7000 ton merchant vessel in position 185 degrees Sapienza 10 miles. The merchant vessel was hit once, pouring white smoke; this was confirmed by photos. Bombs carried on three aircraft were dropped on the destroyers scoring near-misses. All vessels were machine-gunned. Photos show the merchant vessel in Navarino in the evening and was still there on 1 August 1942.
Four Hurricanes were despatched to attack Gela aerodrome. One returned owing to oil trouble; the other three dropped bombs on the Operations Headquarters and Stores Depot, without visible results.
Arrivals One Catalina, one Wellington, one Beaufort from Gibraltar. Departures Three Liberators, three Hudsons from Gibraltar. Aircraft casualties One Spitfire crashed on landing after combat: pilot killed. One Spitfire shot down into the sea: pilot rescued.
29 July 1942: RAF Heroes Skyjack Drama
Last night nine Beauforts of 217 Squadron, escorted by Beaufighters, attacked an enemy convoy of two destroyers and one merchant vessel, steaming southwards from Sapienza. Among them was Beaufort L9820, piloted by South African Lt E T (Ted) Strever, with P/O W M Dunsmore, Sgt J A Wilkinson and Sgt A R Brown as crew. As they flew over the merchantman to release their torpedo, the aircraft was hit in both engines. Forced to ditch in the sea, Strever almost drowned in the cockpit before managing to struggle free and join his crew in their dinghy.
Within hours they were picked up by an Italian Cant Z506B floatplane, which took them to the Island of Corfu. They were treated very well, given a good meal and a bed for the night. Next morning they boarded a floatplane to be flown to Taranto, faced with the prospect of becoming prisoners of war. But as the aircraft approached Sicily, the captive airmen set upon the Cant’s five-man crew, disabling the radio operator and disarming the others before ordering the pilot to change course for Malta.
As the apparently hostile aircraft neared the Island, it triggered the air raid alert and six Spitfires of 603 Squadron Ta Qali were scrambled to intercept. Three of them attacked the floatplane as it approached St Paul’s Bay. Lt Strever ordered the Italian pilot to land immediately on the water. One of his crew then pulled of his shirt and his vest, to wave as a white flag as they scrambled onto the wings.
Puzzled, the Spitfire pilots ceased firing and radioed for the air sea rescue launch, circling overhead until it arrived. The crew of HSL 107 were bemused to find four RAF airmen waiting for them on the floatplane’s wings, along with its crew of five Italians.
Air Sea Rescue commander J S Houghton recalled: “The Cant…was towed by HSL 107 to St Paul’s Island. It was then passed over to our Seaplane Tender and taken to a buoy off St Paul’s Pier, where the five Italians and four Commonwealth airmen were taken ashore. A very strong Army guard was provided to prevent the locals from attacking the Italians. The South African captain, who had led the hijack, brandished his revolver, leaving no doubt as to what he would have done if the Italians had been harmed.” (2) Lt Strever returned his previous captors’ hospitality before seeing them in turn taken prisoners of war. For their actions Lt Strever and P/O Dunsmore were awarded the DFC and Sgts Brown and Wilkinson the DFM.
AIR RAIDS DAWN 29 JULY TO DAWN 30 JULY 1942
Weather Wind southerly; clear.
0820-0845 hrs Four Spitfires 249 Squadron Ta Qali on patrol: nil reports.
0915-1040 hrs Seven Spitfires 249 Squadron are scrambled to intercept an approaching formation of sixteen ME 109s and four Macchi 202s. Sgt Beurling destroys one ME 109 before his machine is hit by machine-gunfire: the bullets shoot the entire hood off his cockpit. Sgt Budd shoots off the fin and rudder of a ME 109 before his machine is hit by machine-gunfire.
0955-1023 hrs Air raid alert. Eight Spitfires 603 Squadron Ta Qali are on patrol when six JU88s with fighter escort approach the Island. Heavy Ack Ack fire and Malta fighters engage, forcing the bombers to jettison their bombs north of the Island and destroying two ME 109s and one Macchi 202 without loss.
1300 hrs Air raid alert. Six Spitfires 603 Squadron see an enemy float plane coming towards St Paul’s Bay. When attacked, the enemy aircraft is seen to pancake on the water. Five men come out onto the wings, waving a white flag. The Spitfires orbit until the enemy aircraft is towed into St Paul’s Bay by the High Speed Launch.
1558-1610 hrs Air raid alert. Eight Spitfires 603 Squadron are despatched to intercept. Two return early with radio and engine trouble. Three enemy aircraft carry out a small fighter sweep but do not cross the coast.
1640-1645 hrs Eight Spitfires 249 Squadron take off on patrol: no engagement.
1705-1730 hrs Four Spitfires 249 Squadron patrol over the Italian floatplane.
1750-1815 hrs Air raid alert. Raid does not materialise.
2200-2210 hrs Air raid alert. A single aircraft drops bombs in the sea north west of Gozo, then recedes.
Military casualties Nil. Civilian casualties Nil.
Enemy casualties Crew of Cant-Z506B floatplane hijacked en route from Corfu to Taranto taken prisoner: Maresciallo Alessandro Cifari, co-pilot; Sergenti T Losi, engineer; Tenente Gaetano Mastrodicasa, pilot; Aviere Scelto Marcello Schisano, wireless operator and Sergente Carabiniere Giulio Scarciella.
OPERATIONS REPORTS WEDNESDAY 29 JULY 1942
ROYAL NAVY Clyde arrived and was swept into Marsaxlokk. The inshore edge of QBB 273 was then swept and nine mines cut. Italian flying boat landed in St Julian’s Bay and surrendered. This aircraft was captured by the crew of one of the Beauforts, which crashed during the attack on the convoy the previous night, who while on passage from Navarin to Italy, overpowered the crew and forced them to fly them to Malta. Clyde discharged practically all her cargo on the night of 29th/30th.
AIR HQ Arrivals Four Liberators, three Beauforts, one Wellington from Gibraltar. One DC3 from Bilbeis. Departures One DC3 from Bilbeis. Aircraft casualties Two Beauforts shot down while attacking convoy: one crew took to dinghy; one crew returned to base. One Spitfire flap failed on landing: pilot uninjured. One Spitfire crashed on landing: pilot uninjured.
30 July 1942: War Artist for Malta
From: Governor & C in C Malta To: The War Office Personal from Lord Gort for CIGS
I shall be glad to have war artists. Please consult Ministry of Information whose cable Empax 45 suggests the name. Is this the artist you have in mind? It should be made clear that artist would work under information officer. This would be in accordance with local arrangements whereby official War Office photographer works under general supervision information officer who is in position greatly to assist in choice of subjects and distribution of products.
AIR RAIDS DAWN 30 JULY TO DAWN 31 JULY 1942
Weather Wind northerly; fast-moving cloud.
0745-0800 hrs Eight Spitfires 249 Squadron and eight of 603 Squadron Ta Qali are scrambled to intercept enemy aircraft.
0820-0845 hrs Air raid alert for a 35-strong fighter sweep of 35. The Spitfires of 603 Squadron attack four ME 109s but then the Spitfires are jumped by six Macchi 202s. F/Sgt Parkinson destroys one ME 109.
1055 hrs Eight Spitfires 603 Squadron are airborne to intercept approaching a reported plot of 27 hostile aircraft, including bombers. One Spitfire returns early and runs into enemy fighters. One Spitfire is slightly damaged; the pilot is unhurt. Five minutes later, eight Spitfires 249 Squadron take off; two return early and are attacked by Messerschmitts.
1125-1200 hrs Air raid alert. Raid does not materialise: it is believed that the bombers turned back.
1605-1625 hrs; 1840-1850 hrs Two air raid alerts for small groups of fighters: one group crosses the Island at 26000 feet on reconnaissance.
2130-2225 hrs Air raid alert for four single bombers, only two of which cross the coast and drop bombs on St Julians, Birkirkara and Tal Qroqq areas, killing twelve civilians and wounding twenty-four. Heavy Ack Ack engage and one JU 88 is destroyed by a Beaufighter before reaching the Island.
Military casualties Sergeant Colin Wood, Royal New Zealand Air Force.
Civilian casualties See 31 July.
OPERATIONS REPORTS THURSDAY 30 JULY 1942
ROYAL NAVY P42 sailed on patrol.
AIR HQ Arrivals One Hudson, three Beauforts from Gibraltar. Departures Two Liberators, one Hudson from Gibraltar; one Wellington from LG 224; one Beaufighter from Abu Sueir. Aircraft casualties One Spitfire crashed on landing after combat: pilot uninjured.
31 July 1942: Park’s Tactics Keep Bombers Away
The new tactics introduced by Air Officer Commanding Air Vice-Marshal Sir Keith Park were evidently taking effect today as enemy bombers stayed clear of the Island throughout daylight hours. The AOC’s ‘Forward Interception Plan’, issued on 25 July, has resulted in increased aircraft losses for the enemy and forced many bombers to jettison their payload before reaching target.
Axis command is now sending only fighter sweeps in daylight, flying at high altitude in an attempt to gain the advantage over Malta’s Spitfires. In response, Park has ordered his fighters to remain below 20000 feet to force the enemy to drop to their preferred altitude if he wants to engage in combat.
AIR RAIDS DAWN 31 JULY TO DAWN 1 AUGUST 1942
Weather Wind westerly; little cloud.
Day Three fighter sweeps of 6, 15 and 30 aircraft respectively; very few fighters cross the coast. Malta fighters destroy two ME 109s and one RE 2001, and damage one Macchi 202. Heavy Ack Ack engage the last raid with pointer rounds.
0735-0845 hrs Four Spitfires 603 Squadron are despatched on intercept patrol: no enemy aircraft sighted.
1047-1105 hrs Air raid alert.
1440-1520 hrs Air raid alert. Eight Spitfires 603 Squadron are scrambled to intercept enemy aircraft. They encounter six unidentified fighters. One Spitfire’s engine cuts out, and the aircraft returns. Another Spitfire engine cuts out: Sgt Ballantyne attempts to land at Luqa and overshoots the runway, damaging his aircraft. Sgt Parkinson damages one Macchi 202.
1610-1640 hrs Air raid alert.
2205-2256 hrs Air raid alert for three enemy aircraft which do not cross the coast.
Military casualties Nil.
Civilian casualties Birkirkara Anthony Agius, age 29; Carmel Borg, age 27; John Busuttil, age 16; Pauline Busuttil, age 5; Joseph Calleja, age 75; Georgina Dimech, age 28; Michael Fenech, age 47; Orazia Grech, age 4; Maria Melita Medati, age 50; Mary Scerri, age 9; Carmela Sammut, age 23; Amabile Sammut, age 21. Mgarr Joseph Deguara, age 45.
OPERATIONS REPORTS FRIDAY 31 JULY 1942
ROYAL NAVY Parthian sailed for Gibraltar. P34 arrived and swept into harbour by Rye. Swona carried out sweep of entrance channel.
AIR HQ Arrivals One Hudson from Gibraltar. Aircraft casualties One Spitfire shot down into the sea: pilot missing. One Spitfire shot up in combat: pilot uninjured. One Spitfire engine cut on landing: pilot uninjured.
1 August 1942: Pilot’s 16 Hour Paddle to Safety
A pilot reported missing turned up safe and well this morning, nearly 24 hours after he left base. Pilot Officer Tony Bruce took off yesterday from Hal Far to intercept enemy raiders. He was attacked off-shore by an enemy fighter and his Spitfire was seen to ditch in the sea. When no trace of him was found, the pilot was thought to have perished, until he staggered ashore this morning.
P/O Bruce had managed to scramble into his dinghy, which he then paddled single-handed the 15 miles back to shore. He took 16 hours to complete the journey, to the surprise of comrades who thought he had perished.
MILITARY SITUATION REPORT FOR WEEK ENDING 1 AUGUST 1942
From: Governor & C in C Malta To: C in C Middle East Rptd: The War Office
1. First two days bomber attacks by total 33 JU88 continued against aerodromes. Successful interceptions by fighters and destruction of complete bomber formations has made enemy change tactics. Thereafter strong fighter sweeps only. Bombers have sometimes approached but invariably turned back or jettisoned bombs.
One Italian float plane Cant 506 B captured and flown intact with Italian crew to Malta by crew of Beaufort previously shot down and rescued in Ionian Sea. Nine Beauforts and six Beaufighters attacked convoy bound for Libya immobilising one merchant vessel 5000 tons. Eleven sorties by bomb-carrying Hurricanes against Sicilian aerodromes.
2. Enemy aircraft casualties. Eight bombers 17 fighters destroyed, five probably 16 damaged by RAF. Ack Ack no claims.
3. At urgent request of RAF for 30 new aircraft pens to be built in one week and others to be repaired Army working parties of 2000 men and 150 vehicles provided working two shifts daily.
4. Military damage slight. Casualties one Officer killed; one Officer, two Other Ranks wounded.
AIR RAIDS DAWN 1 AUGUST TO DAWN 2 AUGUST 1942
Weather Fine; visibility 10-15 miles.
Day Four fighter sweeps, two of them in strength totalling 52 aircraft.
0922 hrs Air raid alert. A formation of enemy fighters is reported heading towards the Island. Six Spitfires Hal Far are scrambled to intercept. They are joined by eight Spitfires 249 Squadron Ta Qali, of which two return early. There is no engagement.
0945-1015 hrs Air raid alert. Seven Spitfires 603 Squadron Ta Qali carry out a patrol: nothing to report.
1235-1255 hrs Air raid alert. Eight Spitfires 249 Squadron are scrambled and try to intercept four ME 109s but are unable to catch them before they cross the Island.
1422-1455 hrs Air raid alert for another fighter sweep. Seven Spitfires 249 Squadron are scrambled to intercept a fighter sweep: no engagement.
1645-1720 hrs Air raid alert. Four Spitfires Hal Far are scrambled to intercept a fighter sweep: nothing sighted.
2250-2325 hrs One air raid alert for three aircraft. Bombs are dropped in the sea off Il Blata.
Military casualties Nil.
Civilian casualties Birkirkara Joseph Galea, age 13.
OPERATIONS REPORTS DAY 1 AUGUST 1942
ROYAL NAVY Clyde sailed for Gibraltar being swept out by Hythe, who subsequently swept P31 into Harbour. P44 also sailed, carrying out night full calibre firing at Filfla before proceeding on patrol.
AIR HQ Arrivals One Catalina, one Liberator, two Beauforts, one Hudson from Gibraltar. Departures One Hudson to Gibraltar; one Liberator to St Jean Fayid or LG 224. Aircraft casualties One Spitfire shot down into the sea: pilot rescued uninjured.
HAL FAR Wing Commander Douglas-Hamilton assumed the duties of Wing Commander in charge of flying.
FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB Reported 75. Dealt with: High Explosives 23, including 7delayed-action (4 x 500kg; 16 x 250kg; 2 x 50kg; 1 x 35kg); 341 anti-personnel bombs.
(1) The SAAF at War 1940-1984, Bouwer, J S & Louw, M N, Chris van Rensburg, 1989
(2) Malta: Blitzed but not Beaten, Philip Vella, Progress Press, 1985
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