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NEW TACTIC BY ITALIAN FIGHTERS EXPOSES LACK OF FUEL FOR HURRICANES
Fuel shortages prevented Malta fighters from fully defending the Island today when enemy raiders attempted a daylight attack. Eleven Hurricanes were scrambled in response to an alert just after 1530 hrs this afternoon, when early warning systems had spotted seven enemy aircraft approaching from the north. The raiders, identified as Macchi fighters, suspended their approach while still 30 miles from Malta and began to circle, forcing the Hurricanes to fly out to them. Two of the Macchis managed to evade the Hurricanes and crossed the coast near Grand Harbour. Several Hurricanes turned back to attempt an engagement but ran out of fuel and had to land.
COAL IN SHORT SUPPLY
Fossil fuels are also in very short supply and military authorities are seeking ways to economise. In a bid to conserve supplies, troops have been given new instructions on an economical means of providing fuel using coal dust.
- Mix eight parts coal dust to one part sand and two parts clay, or two parts coal dust, one part sawdust and one part clay.
- Moisten as necessary, mould into balls and allow to dry.
AIR RAIDS DAWN 17 OCTOBER TO DAWN 18 OCTOBER 1941
1047-1103 hrs Air raid alert for three enemy aircraft which approach from the north and carry out reconnaissance. Hurricane fighters are flying into and out of Malta on escort duties so it is not possible for them nor anti-aircraft guns to engage.
1534-1555 hrs Air raid alert for a total of seven enemy aircraft which approach the Island in three formations but circle 30 miles to the north. The first two formations remain at a distance, while two Macchi 200 fighters approach Grand Harbour from the north east and cross the coast. Eleven Hurricanes are scrambled at the first alert but, owing to fuel shortages, they are unable to engage the two raiders. Heavy anti-aircraft guns engage with one barrage; no claims.
0012-0019 hrs Air raid alert triggered by the return of Swordfish aircraft.
0403-0523 hrs Air raid alert for seven enemy bombers which approach the Island singly from several directions. None cross the coast; all bombs are dropped in the sea, including one container of incendiaries eight miles offshore to the north east. Four Hurricane fighters are airborne, two at a time, but there are no searchlight illuminations and no interceptions.
OPERATIONS REPORTS FRIDAY 17 OCTOBER 1941
ROYAL NAVY Porpoise arrived from Gibraltar and United Kingdom. Ursula, P34 and Rorqual sailed for operations off Kuriat, but Rorqual returned with defects.
AIR HQ Arrivals 3 Wellington. Departures 3 Wellington. 18 Squadron 6 Blenheims attacked a factory at Syracuse. 38 Squadron 3 Wellingtons attacked Trapani aerodrome. 4 Wellingtons attacked Elmas aerodrome. 69 Squadron Maryland patrols Syracuse, east Sicilian coast and special patrol. Photoreconnaissances Cagliari, Sicilian aerodromes and Messina Harbour. 107 Squadron 6 Blenheims attacked motor transport at Zuara and Sirte. 830 Squadron Fleet Air Arm 7 Swordfish sent to attack a convoy of 4 merchant ships and 4 destroyers. Two merchant vessels were hit and seriously damaged. Despite intense, accurate fire from all ships all aircraft returned safely.
1st Bn CHESHIRE REGIMENT Officers from Battalion HQ and departmental clerks visited the Fortress Telephone Exchange. The amount of call traffic going through was a revelation. A most interesting lecture was arranged at the Naval Canteen on ‘The Progress of the War’.
FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB reported 4.
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