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Monthly Archives: March 2017

21 March 1942: 300,000kg of Bombs on Malta’s “Day in Hell”

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  • 300 tons of bombs on Ta Qali in 48 hours
  • 146 high explosive bombs target Mosta
  • 81 killed and many more wounded
  • Bombs on shelter in Mosta cause mass casualties
  • 5 enemy aircraft destroyed, 5 damaged
  • 9 Spitfires land safely ex Gibraltar

 

Ta Qali: 1600 bombs in 48 hrs

Ta Qali: 1600 bombs in 48 hrs

MASS BOMBING RAIDS ON TA QALI AND MOSTA

Raids on Ta Qali continued today with increased intensity.  In massive and widespread attacks this afternoon, communities surrounding the air base also suffered badly, as the enemy extended their targets to Mosta and surrounding communities of Rabat, Imtarfa and Balzan.  Casualties known so far are 20 military and 61 civilians killed and over 100 wounded.  22 civilians were killed in Rabat; 30 were killed and 45 wounded in Mosta, where a large number of bombs fell.

Today’s raids bring the total number of bombs dropped on Ta Qali in the last 48 hours to 1600.  Since Thursday night over 300 tons of bombs have left huge craters across the airfield, now said to resemble the surface of the moon.

Mosta (NWMA Malta)

Mosta (NWMA Malta)

A CHILD REMEMBERS

In Mosta, little Doris Vella was in the air-raid shelter with her mother.  Her father had just left them, on urgent business, and her two older brothers had just escaped their mother’s grasp, to go up and watch the German bombers:

“The next instant a deafening explosion plunged the whole place into darkness and sent us reeling against the walls of the cubicle.  In the ensuing panic I began to grope around and felt the heads of the three young ones.  The straw mattresses on the bunks caught fire and burst into flames…As our eyes got accustomed to the dim light we saw dead bodies piled on top of each other.  A number of RAF men appeared at the shelter entrance and picking their way through the pile of corpses grabbed us and took us outside.  We walked in a state of shock towards our house and saw carts carrying bodies.  We recognized that of Milda’s mother, a refugee from Vittoriosa, horribly mutilated.  The walls of Gafa Street were black with the blast of the explosion.  We learned later that three [bombs] had landed and exploded simultaneously at the entrance and the emergency exit of the shelter.”   Doris lost her father and two brothers in the raid.  (1)

SPITFIRE PILOT’S DAY IN HELL

One 1000kg bomb landed in front of the Point de Vue Hotel in Rabat, being used as a billet for RAF fighter pilots.  Buck McNair had just arrived back at the hotel when the bomb exploded:

“When I came to, I didn’t know where I was. I didn’t feel I was dead, but I didn’t feel whole. My eyes were open, but my jaws and chest didn’t seem to be there…I felt for my tin hat, then I started to be able to see just as if the sun was coming up after a great darkness. I tested myself. I felt carefully with my fingers and found that I had a face and a chest, so I felt better…

As I became more conscious, I found I was upstairs; but I knew I shouldn’t be upstairs. I should be downstairs. Then I realized I had been blown upstairs either through a door or through an opening at the turn of the staircase. I’d been thrown up 20 or 30 feet …

I went out onto the roof and back down the main staircase which was barely hanging in place. I saw the bodies lying at the foot of it. They were in a heap. There was no blood. The raid was still on – the All Clear hadn’t sounded. But everything seemed very quiet. Heavy dust covered the bodies. I looked at them – studied them. One was headless, the head had been cut cleanly away from the top of the shoulders. I didn’t see the head, but I could recognize the man by his very broad shoulders …

I heard a moan, so I put my hand gently on the bodies to feel which of them was alive. One of them I noticed had a hole, more than a foot wide, right through the abdomen. Another’s head was split wide open into two halves, from back to front, by a piece of shrapnel. The face had expanded to twice its size. How the man managed still to be alive I didn’t know. I thought of shooting him with my revolver. As I felt for it, I heard Bud Connell’s voice behind me. ‘Look at this mess!’

I put my hand against the wall, but it slithered down it. It had seemed dry with all the dust, but when I took my hand away I found it was covered with blood with bits of meat stuck to it – like at the butcher’s when they’re chopping up meat and cleaning up a joint. I turned to Bud. ‘For God’s sake,’ I said, ‘don’t come in here.’ Then I noticed that my battledress and trousers were torn and ripped …

Ronnie West appeared. It seemed natural to see him. He had been in the building with us, but he didn’t say anything about me being there. He didn’t seem to want to talk …Now an ambulance and a doctor arrived. The doc asked me to help him with the bodies. I said ‘Get someone else, I’ve seen enough.’…The realization of what had happened began to dawn very slowly … My left arm had gone out of joint when I was blown upstairs by the bomb, but I had shoved it back in place … (2)

SPITFIRES LAND THROUGH THE FIRE

In the midst of the onslaught, a delivery flight of nine Spitfires managed to land safely, having flown off HMS Eagle ex Gibraltar.  The aircraft were protected as they approached by Malta’s fighter squadrons.  An expected delivery of seven more Spitfires failed to arrive.  They were unable to take off from Eagle as a Blenheim aircraft due to escort them to Malta did not make rendezvous with the carrier.

AIR RAIDS DAWN 21 MARCH TO DAWN 22 MARCH 1942

Weather  Wind south west; 80% cloud.

0900 hrs  Seven Messerschmitts drop twelve 50kg high explosive (HE) bombs on Ta Qali, near the Rock Shelter and by underground hangers: one bowser is burned out.

1000 hrs  Nearly 100 bombers, including several Heinkel HE 111, and about 20 fighters attack Ta Qali, in a repeat of last night’s raid, except that this time enemy aircraft approach in groups at greater height, not in ‘line ahead’.

Hundreds of HE bombs, mainly 250kg and 500kg, are dropped on and around the airfield, causing 27 craters and damaging the Pottery, control van and other vehicles.  Many fires are started.  Bombs which fell wide of the mark kill five military Other Ranks and wound another five, at Imtarfa.  Two Other Ranks from a working party are wounded. Two Beaufighters, two Hurricanes and one Spitfire are damaged.  One soldier and one civilian are killed; four soldiers, one pilot and two civilians are injured.  All work is called to a halt, due to the number of delayed-action bombs on aerodrome.  Ack Ack destroy one JU 88 and damaged two more.

1014 hrs  Two JU 88 bombers drop one 1800kg bomb each on Manoel Island and Bighi Hospital.

1107 hrs   Eight ME 110s with 25 ME 109s patrol the Island, then drop eight 250kg and twenty-seven 50kg HE bombs on Ta Qali and Rabat.  Seven Hurricanes from Hal Far attack the ME 110s, claiming four destroyed.  Pilots S/Ldr Mortimer-Rose, P/O Ormrod, P/O Beckett, P/O Allardice, P/O Wigley, Sgt Rose, P/O Milburn.  One aircraft returns early due to engine trouble.  Light Ack Ack gunners destroy one ME 109.  Malta’s fighters are airborne, but occupied in escorting nine Spitfires arriving from Gibraltar.

1135 hrs  Three JU 88s drop bombs on the Safi strip.

1436 hrs  Between 60 and 70 bombers approach the Island from different directions with a relatively small fighter escort. Planes come in irregularly, in groups of two and three, at heights ranging from 10,000 to 16,000 feet.  Consecutive aircraft do not follow each other into a steep dive.  Hundreds of HE bombs are dropped from varying heights; mainly 250kg and 500kg but also several 1000kg, and some rocket bombs.  The main target is Ta Qali, where main damage is to assembly areas and approaches, petrol installations and a reservoir.  Heavy and Light Ack Ack engage: three JU 88s are destroyed and three damaged.

1545 hrs  JU 88s and Messerschmitts carrying bombs target outlying districts, causing casualties and damage in Rabat and Imtarfa, Mosta, Balzan and San Anton. 

Two JU 88s attack Tigne and Manoel, dropping one 1800kg HE bomb each and demolishing buildings at Tigne Barracks.

1658 hrs   One JU 88 carries out reconnaissance at 20000 feet.

1944 hrs  Two enemy aircraft drop bombs in the sea and on land near Dingli. Heavy Ack Ack engage.

2215 hrs  All clear.

Military casualties  Flight Lieutenant Cecil Baker, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve VR), 126 Squadron; Flying Officer John Booth, Royal Air Force (VR), 249 Squadron; Flying Officer James Guerin, Royal Australian Air Force; Pilot Officer William Hallett, Royal Air Force (VR), 126 Squadron; Pilot Officer Edward Streets, Royal Air Force (VR), 126 Squadron; Flight Lieutenant Arthur Waterfield Royal Air Force (VR).

Private Stephen Gardiner; Private James Garnick; Private Charles Levey; Private James Joseph Murray, Private Robert Sadler; Private John Wake; Private John William Dewhurst (died 22nd March); all 1st Battalion, Durham Light Infantry.  Lance-Corporal Peter Thompson, Royal Army Service Corps, attached Field Ambulance Royal Army Medical Corps; Sergeant James Ure, Royal Army Service Corps, attached Royal Army Medical Corps; Private Raymond Siviour, 4th Battalion, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment); Lance-Corporal Pacifico Falzon, Royal Engineers, Malta Territorial Force; Lance-Corporal Clarence (Terence) Gallagher; Corporal Douglas Baldwin; Lance-Corporal William Brown; Fusilier Harold Vernon; all 2nd Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Civilian casualties  Attard  Anthony Pace, age 24.  Balzan  Sister Paola Agius, age 73; Joseph Muscat, age 32.  Floriana  Francis Azzopardi, age 16; Publio Mercieca, age 16.  Mdina  Vincent Mizzi, age 13.  Mosta  Doris Borg, age 6; Teresa Cuschieri, age 70; Gio Maria Cuschieri, age 37; Anthony Degiorgio, age 79; Carmela Degiorgio, age 77; Maria Degiorgio, age 34; Georgina Dougall, age 42; John Fabri, age 9; Carmelo Fenech, age 11; Joseph Fenech, age 11; Giovanni Galea, age 66; Victor Galea, age 39; Kalanc Gatt, age 42; Francis Gatt, age 13; Giuseppe Gatt, age 9; Maria Gauci, age 8; Censu Gauci, age 5; Mary Grech, age 54; Alfred Montanaro, age 63; Mary Montanaro, age 60; John Montanaro, age 18; Olga St John, age 26; Zareno St John, age 3 mths; Pina Tabone, age 22; Santu Tonna, age 32; Bartholomew Vella, age 41; Carmelo Vella, age 12; Giuseppe Vella, age 9; Vincent Zammit, age 39; Ganna Zarb, age 48; unidentified female; unidentified male.  Msida  Salvu Vella, age 45.  Rabat  Carmel Abela, age 63; Louis Adami, age 29; Mary Adami, age 6; Albert Adami, age 2; Catherine Azzopardi, age 80; Rev. Robert Calleja, age 58; Lewis Caruana, age 2 mths; Domenic Ceci, age 84; Angelina Ellul, age 73; Spiru Galea, age 63; Teresa Galea, age 42; Peter Giordimaina, age 65; Alb. Laferla, age 45; Dolor Mangani, age 20; Felicia Mifsud, age 26; Gisuarda Mifsud, age 10 mths; Albert Mifsud, age 19; Harriet O’Neil, age 56; Gisuardo Portelli, age 71; Dr A Stilon LLD, age 64; Margherita Vassallo, age 28; unidentified female.  St Paul’s Bay  Rita Vella, age 6.  Zejtun  Carmelo Zahra, age 15.

OPERATIONS REPORTS: 21 MARCH 1942

ROYAL NAVY  Raid no 1843 Damage to Ricasoli Rifle Range.  Surgeon Rear Admiral’s Residence at Royal Naval Hospital demolished.

AIR HQ  Arrivals  Nine Spitfires, two Blenheims from Gibraltar; one Sunderland from Aboukir.  Departures  Four Beaufighters, two Hudsons to 108 MU; one Wellington to Shalufa; one Hudson to Gibraltar; one Sunderland to Aboukir.

HAL FAR  PM  One Albacore despatched on shipping search: nothing sighted.

LUQA  0807-1246 hrs  One Maryland 69 Squadron despatched on photo-reconnaissance of Taranto and Messina.

TA QALI  1600 hrs  Third blitz on Ta Qali [this afternoon], damaging the Officers’ Mess at Rabat and killing six officers including AFL (F/O) Waterfield, Intelligence Officer, and five pilots.  Over 1500 high explosive bombs plus incendiary bombs have been dropped on the camp in the last 24 hours.  Immediate steps are taken to arrange alternative accommodation for officers and airmen.  The entire personnel of 500 airmen have to be evacuated and housed in Rabat and St Edwards College.  There are a large number of absentees: police patrols are inaugurated and all shelters are searched.  Kitchen and ablutions are arranged and premises at Messina House are taken over.  All officers and airmen are arranged for by dusk.  All equipment is salvaged from the Orderly Room and Guard Room which are evacuated as the buildings are destroyed.  By nightfall a new Orderly Room is operational and new sick quarters are set up.  Equipment stores are installed in caves.

1st BN THE CHESHIRE REGIMENT  0915 hrs   Battalion drill parade. AC HQ under the CO Floriana.

1ST BN THE DURHAM LIGHT INFANTRY  During a large scale air raid on Ta Qali aerodrome some bombs fell near Imtarfa Hospital for which B Company were supplying a guard.  One scored a direct hit on a guard tent: five Other Ranks were killed outright; one died of wounds the same day and another died of wounds on 22nd.  Four more Other Ranks were wounded and admitted to hospital.

2ND BN THE ROYAL IRISH FUSILIERS  PM Blitz on Ta Qali: Quarter Master’s store hit.  Cpl Baldwin, L/Cpl Gallagher, L/Cpl Brown, Fusilier Vernon killed.  Battalion took one German parachutist prisoner.

4th BN THE BUFFS (ROYAL EAST KENT REGIMENT)  Two more heavy raids on Ta Qali aerodrome.  4 Buffs working party one Other Rank killed, four Other Ranks injured.

11TH BN THE LANCASHIRE FUSILIERS  Observation Post at Tal Virtu has several near misses during intense raids on Ta Qali during the past 24 hours.  Bombs in this unit’s area at Hamrun, St George’s, St Julian’s, Balzan and Birkirkara.

8TH BN THE MANCHESTER REGIMENT  Another very heavy raid on Ta Qali aerodrome and some of the billets and posts were damaged.  Battalion suffers five casualties: one injured and four suffering from shock.  A Spitfire, a petrol pump and an ammunition van are set on fire.  Lt Cummins and his Platoon Sergeant Jones fought the fires and managed to put them out.  Air Officer Commanding visited the scene and thanked the personnel for their good show.

FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB  Reported 15.

(1) From The People’s War, Malta 1940-43, Laurence Mizzi, Progress Press 2002

(2) Diary of Robert Wendell ‘Buck’ McNair from Canadian Aces (Miles Constable)

All written content © maltagc70 unless otherwise attributed. For conditions of use contact bdmalta@btinternet.com

 
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Posted by on March 21, 2017 in 1942, March 1942

 

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20 March 1942: Carpet Bombing of Ta Qali – 1000 HE Bombs in 2 Hours

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Ta Qali (NWMA Malta)

 

  • Five-hour continuous air raid from 8am
  • 114 high explosive bombs on Valletta and Grand Harbour
  • 1800kg bombs dropped on the capital
  • Cannon shells fired at civilian area
  • 21 civilians, 5 military killed
  • Army called in to repair Ta Qali runways

MASS FORMATIONS OF ENEMY RAIDERS 

“’There was a red flag warning, I was making my way down the main street in Valletta, clambering over masses of rubble. It was a beautiful day, the sun was shining.  Looking up at the bright blue sky between the buildings, I watched as some 30 or more German bombers went over my head… they seemed headed towards Ta Qali.  It was that sort of life.  As far as I could tell, almost everyone else was in shelter or heading for shelter – which I respected.  I was on my own out there.’

Lt Carroll was looking up at the forward party of the 74 aircraft attacking Ta Qali today.  The enemy turned on the airfield with all their might, determined to destroy runways and write off all the aircraft…In just 24 hours, the Luftwaffe dropped nearly a thousand bombs, totalling almost 300 tons, on Ta Qali – an area the size of a small English village.  In a similar period 500 tons of bombs were used across the entire city of Coventry in England.  Here was the first ever instance of carpet bombing on such a scale against a military target.  And it had just been inflicted on the tiny Island of Malta. 

Delayed action bombs were scattered all over the airfield, holding up repair work on the runways.  The RAF called on Royal Engineers Bomb Disposal to help with the sheer number of unexploded bombs (UXB).  In two days, RE Bomb Disposal alone have received over 70 UXB reports.”  (1)

AIR RAIDS DAWN 20 MARCH TO DAWN 21 MARCH 1942

Weather  Wind south west; clear.

0805 hrs  Four Hurricanes are scrambled from Ta Qali, joining seven others from Hal Far.  Four Spitfires 249 Squadron are scrambled to act as top cover for the eleven Hurricanes.  Spitfire pilots spot six ME 109s: P/O McNair attacks and destroys one.

0825 hrs  P/O Leggo’s aircraft is attacked by ME 109s and loses its tail fin, causing it to spin downwards. P/O Leggo tries to regain control but without success, and bales out but at 100 feet his parachute has no time to open: he falls to his death.  The aircraft crashes to the ground between Qrendi and Siggiewi.

0900 hrs  Six JU 88s bomb Sliema and St Julians.  Bombs land on St Julians Police Station and Rockyvale.  L/Cpl Patt and Fusilier Russell of B Company, 11th Bn Lancashire Fusiliers is killed; two Fusiliers are injured and admitted to hospital.  Heavy and Light Ack Ack engage and destroy one JU 88. 

0920 hrs  Two JU 88s approach and drop one 1800kg High Explosive bomb each near the Fish Market in Valletta, and in Grand Harbour. 

One JU 88 carries out reconnaissance from the north to the south of the Island at 30000 feet.  Five JU 88s approach Grand Harbour but are turned away by Heavy and Light Ack Ack, dropping all bombs in the sea off Ricasoli and St Elmo. 

0950 hrs  Six JU 88s approach and bomb Marsa, Jesuits Hill and Gzira.  One gun position at Jesuits Hill receives a direct hit: no casualties.  One JU 88 is damaged by Light Ack Ack.  During the raid a Dornier flying boat searches north of the Island.  Heavy Ack Ack engages at extreme range.  Military casualties:  two killed; two wounded.

1245 hrs  Bombs land near D and R Companies of 11th Bn Lancashire Regt, south east of Cisk Brewery.  Cannon shells are fired at Birkirkara, causing civilian casualties.

1250 hrs  Guns of 225 Light Ack Ack Battery (LAA) engage one JU 88: one hit claimed.

1311 hrs  All clear.

1618 hrs  One JU 88 escorted by two ME 109s approaches, then recedes, at 25000 feet.  Heavy Ack Ack engage.

1707 hrs  Ten ME 109s patrol the Island.  Heavy Ack Ack do not engage.

1720 hrs  44 JU 88s dive-bomb and machine-gun Ta Qali, killing 13 civilians.  Bombs cause considerable damage to barrack blocks and ablutions, roads and pens.  The aerodrome is cratered and unserviceable.  Several aircraft are damaged and one airman slightly injured.  Many fires are started.  Many delayed action bombs are used.  Ack Ack fires a strong response: four JU 88s are shot down and destroyed.

1816 hrs  Four JU 88s escorted by sixteen ME 109s bomb Ta Qali.  Heavy and Light Ack Ack engage.  One JU 88 is damaged by Light Ack Ack.

1830 hrs  Three bombers dropped six bombs on Ta Qali, damaging Camp Magister and one billet.  LAC Armstrong is admitted to hospital, as is LAC Bond, who dies at 2345 hrs.

1919 hrs  About 50 aircraft, including JU 88s and fighter escort, head towards Malta in from North formed up in line ahead, at about 10000 ft. Heavy Ack Ack engage and as the raiders come with range of Bofors guns, the Light Ack Ack gunners open fire.  The shooting is extremely accurate in spite of difficult light. 

Enemy bombers get through to carry out a concentrated bombing attack on Ta Qali.  Bombs rain down on the airfield for half an hour causing numerous craters, though runways are not significantly damaged.  Many of the high explosive bombs carry delayed action fuzes. Large numbers of incendiary bombs are dropped on the camp. Two RAF personnel are wounded.  Other bombs fall near Mqabbe and Tal Liebru.

After dark, three further aircraft patrol to the south, then cross the coast and drop bombs near Mqabba and Tal Liebru and on Ta Qali.

2333 hrs  All clear.

0047 hrs  One enemy aircraft approaches from the north and crosses the Island without dropping any bombs.

0241-0609 hrs  Four enemy aircraft drop bombs on Ghain Tuffieha, St Paul’s Bay and St Julian’s.  Heavy Ack Ack engage.

Military casualties  Pilot Officer Douglas Leggo, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, 249 Squadron; Leading Aircraftman George Bond, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve; Lance-Corporal John Patt, 11th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers; Fusilier Harold (Joseph) Russell, 11th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers; Fusilier Edward Thompson, 2nd Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Civilian casualties  Attard  Alessandro Camilleri, age 50; Salvo Gatt, age 49; Ganni Portelli, age 55; Emmanuele Vassallo, age 47.  Birkirkara  Anthony Gatt, age 12.  Hamrun  Carmelo Camilleri, age 11; Guisa Cuschieri, age 3; Francis Farrugia, age 13.  Lija  Salvu Mallia, age 45.  Marsaxlokk  Nardu Caruana, age 56.  Mosta  Salvu Dimech, age 70; Giovanna Frendo, age 75; Pietro Micallef, age 45; Rita Micallef, age 24; Duminka Micallef, age 18.  Naxxar  Zaru Grech, age 30; Joseph Sciberras, age 18.  Pieta  Lewis Camilleri, age 44. St Julian’s  Joseph Debono, age 45. Valletta  Margherita Buttigieg, age 44.  Zejtun  Salvu Spiteri, age 30.

OPERATIONS REPORTS FRIDAY 20 MARCH 1942

ROYAL NAVY  Olympus arrived from Gibraltar with passengers and petrol.  Three Albacores dropped two torpedoes aimed at one light cruiser and one merchant vessel, 2000 tons, escorted by one destroyer.  Result unobserved.  0800 hrs – convoy MW10 sailed from Alexandria.

AIR HQ  Arrivals  Four Beaufighters, three Hudsons from Gibraltar.  Departures  Five Blenheims, four Beauforts , one Hudson from 108 MU; one Wellington from Shalufa.

HAL FAR  PM  Three Albacores 828 Squadron were despatched on a shipping search.  0415 hrs  A Convoy of one 2000 ton merchant vessel, one light cruiser, one destroyer position 190 degrees Messina 23 miles course 200 degrees, speed 10 knots.  Two torpedoes were aimed, one at the cruiser and one at the merchant vessel.  Aircraft had to take avoiding action due to flak.  Strikes not observed.

LUQA 1140-1710 hrs  One Maryland 69 Squadron photo-reconnaissance Trapani, Palermo and Cagliari Harbours; Elman aerodrome and vis. of Pantelleria.

TA QALI  Severest raids on aerodrome ever had.  Large numbers of incendiary bombs.  All officers proceeded to Camp immediately after first raid, to assist under direction of CO.  Army contacted: immediate repair of aerodrome arranged.  Lessons learned:  underground alternative accommodation should have been provided months ago, both for aircraft and personnel.

NORTHERN INFANTRY BRIGADE  Heavy raid by Luftwaffe on Ta Qali.  Battalions of this Brigade provided working parties for filling up craters on the aerodrome.

11TH BN THE LANCASHIRE FUSILIERS  1800 hrs  This unit takes over the Observation Post at Tal Virtu. 

8TH BN THE MANCHESTER REGIMENT  Extremely heavy raid by Luftwaffe on Ta Qali aerodrome.  Battalion supplied working party for filling up bomb craters on the aerodrome.

FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB  Reported 16-20 March 35 (average 7 per day).

(1 ) Adapted from UXB Malta, S A M Hudson, History Press 2010/2012

All written content © maltagc70 unless otherwise attributed. For conditions of use contact bdmalta@btinternet.com

 
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Posted by on March 20, 2017 in 1942, March 1942

 

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19 March 1942: 345 High Explosive Bombs on Malta in 24 Hours

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LUFTWAFFE RECORD OF ATTACKS ON MALTA 19 MARCH 1942

  • 1 JU 88**               4 x 250kg (Ta Qali Aerodrome)
  • 4 ME 109**            4 x 250kg (Grand Harbour)
  • 5 JU 88**             20 x 250kg; 30 x 50kg (Grand Harbour)
  • 6 JU 88**             24 x 500kg (Marsaxlokk)
  • 10 JU 88**             8 x 500kg; 15 x 250kg; 36 x 50kg (Ta Qali Aerodrome)
  • 3 JU 88**             12 x 250kg; 24 x 50kg (Luqa and Safi strip)
  • 6 JU 88**             20 x 500kg (West of Luqa)
  • 13 JU 88*            44 x 250kg; 100 x 50kg (Positions on South Malta)

*night **daylight

AIR RAIDS DAWN 19 MARCH TO DAWN 20 MARCH 1942

Weather  Wind westerly.  No cloud.

0710 hrs  Two ME 109s approach the Island.  One dives on a submarine in Grand Harbour, then flies over Ta Qali and Luqa at 5000 feet.  Light Ack Ack engage.

0725 hrs  Three gun positions of 225 Light Ack Ack Battery (LAA) engage one ME 109: no claims.

0740 hrs  All clear.

0957-1027 hrs  One JU 88 drops bombs on St Paul’s Bay and Wardia Ridge.  Light Ack Ack engage: no claims.

1053-1122 hrs  One JU 88 and two ME 109s carry out reconnaissance.  Heavy Ack Ack engage: no claims.

1128-1143 hrs  Two ME 109s patrol round the Island without crossing the coast.

1405 hrs   Three JU 88s bomb Sliema, Gzira and St Julians. 

One Beaufort heading into Malta from Gibraltar crash-lands at Hal Far, its rear gunner wounded in combat with a ME 110.  The crew proceeds to Luqa.

1443 hrs  Six JU 88s drop twenty-four 500kg high explosive (HE) bombs on Hal Far and Benghaisa gun position.  One JU 88 is damaged by Light Ack Ack.  One man is injured at a Light Ack Ack position.  Two bombs hit headquarters of B Company, 11th Bn Lancashire Fusiliers, demolishing half of the buildings, including officers’ quarters.  2/Lt Wilsher and seven Other Ranks are admitted to hospital.

1500 hrs  One gun position of 225 LAA engages one JU 88: no claims.  One gun position is damaged by bombing and ammunition is destroyed.  Gunner McDermott is injured by bomb splinters and removed to No 45 General Hospital.

1540 hrs  All clear.

1617 hrs   One JU 88 carries out reconnaissance, followed by six JU 88s which drop 23 high explosive bombs on Ta Qali.

1630 hrs  Three JU 88s drop 36 HE bombs on Safi strip and Luqa.

1700 hrs  Six JU 88s drop twenty 500kg HE bombs on Luqa, east of Qrendi and Nigret.  Heavy Ack Ack engage.  One Wellington at Luqa is burned out, one damaged; one Maryland is slightly damaged.

1705 hrs  36 HE bombs land on Ta Qali camp, damaging two buildings.  One Beaufighter under repair is partly burned out; another Beaufighter, a fighter Blenheim and two Hurricanes are slightly damaged.

1718 hrs  A stick of bombs drops on the area of San Kristu church.

1800 hrs  Five JU 88s drop HE bombs through Mqabba village to within 300 yards of Zurrieq village, straddling headquarters of D Company, 4th Bn Hampshire Regt. 

1820 hrs  One bomb falls 100 yards from headquarters of 3rd Bn Kings Own Malta Regt; another near Tal Hniena Chapel.

2120-0016 hrs  Five aircraft approach the Island and drop bombs in the sea, and on land across Qrendi, Kalafrana and Luqa.  Incendiary bombs are dropped on the Benghaisa area.  Heavy Ack Ack engage.

0151-0306 hrs  Seven aircraft approach the Island and drop bombs in the sea and on land at Tal Qroqq and Ta Giorni.  Night fighters and Heavy Ack Ack engage.  One JU 88 is damaged by fighters.

Military casualties  Gunner Joseph Moloney, 32nd Light Ack Ack Regiment, Royal Artillery; 2nd Lieutenant Richard Morgan, 74th Light Ack Ack Regiment, Royal Artillery.

Civilian casualties  Gzira  Paul Vassallo, age 50. Lija  Paul Azzopardi, age 39. Sliema  Mikiel Borg, age 64.

OPERATIONS REPORTS THURSDAY 19 MARCH 1942

ROYAL NAVY  Unbeaten returned from patrol off Spartivento having sunk a U boat and probably hit a large merchant vessel.  Embarked torpedoes and left again non patrol.  Upright sailed for Gibraltar and UK to refit.

AIR HQ  Arrivals  Two Blenheims, seven Beauforts from Gibraltar.

LUQA  1536-1940 hrs  One Maryland 69 Squadron SF5 patrol

TA QALI  No scrambles.  No night operations.

1st BN THE CHESHIRE REGIMENT CO and Company Commanders visited loading demonstrations at 1st Bn Durham Light Infantry.  1930-2200 hrs  Night firing by platoons C Company on Pembroke Ranges.

1ST BN THE DURHAM LIGHT INFANTRY Vehicle loading demonstration to be inspected by all Brigades.

2ND BN THE ROYAL IRISH FUSILIERS  Exercise attack on Victoria Lines by D and C Companies.  A and B defended.  Fusilier Thompson was hit by bomb shrapnel in Sliema and killed.

KINGS OWN MALTA REGIMENT  1st Bn reports a stick of bombs in the sea off Post MB5.

8TH BN THE  KINGS OWN ROYAL REGIMENT  Demonstration Platoon and Company truck loading.

11TH BN THE LANCASHIRE FUSILIERS 1700 hrs  Lecture at Marsa for all officers on “Correct Orders to Forward Artillery in Support of Infantry Attack.”

FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB  Reported 16-20 March 35 (average 7 per day).

 

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Posted by on March 19, 2017 in 1942, March 1942, Uncategorized

 

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18 March 1942: Three Hour Battle Over Malta – Blow by Blow Account

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  • 12 raids in 16½ hours
  • Aerodromes main target
  • Gozo passenger boat machine-gunned
  • Fighters prowl Malta’s coasts

‘Buck’ McNair (Canadian Aces)(1)

MALTA ADOPTS BATTLE OF BRITAIN TACTICS

“The Malta pilots quickly adapted Battle of Britain tactics to their situation under the tutelage of SL Turner. What Spitfires that could get airborne would try to attack the escorts first while the Hurricanes would come in just behind them and try to get at the bombers. This didn’t often work out, due to the overabundance of 109s in the air. However, on March 18 Buck damaged a Bf-109, and the next day he shot one down in flames.” (1)

AIR RAIDS DAWN 18 MARCH TO DAWN 19 MARCH 1942

Weather  Wind south west; no cloud.

0727-0845 hrs  One JU 88 escorted by sixteen ME 109s drops bombs in the sea west of Anchor Bay, on land near Torri L’Abjad and near Miziep Pumping Station.  Four ME 109s peel off and machine-gun Marfa Beach, firing on the Gozo ferry boat disembarking at Marfa Jetty and injuring three passengers. ME 109s go on to carry out low-flying patrols around the coast.

0855-1216 hrs  Six ME 109s circle the Island, three patrol off the south east coast and three ME 109s patrol off Delimara.  Four ME 109s patrol to the south of the Island and two in the north.  Malta’s fighters engage.

1230-1308 hrs  Four Spitfires 249 Squadron are  airborne to escort a Maryland south.  While still trying to locate it they see two of the patrolling ME 109s, five miles south of Delimara.  They attack: W/Cdr Turner damages one; P/O McNair damages one.

1326-1400 hrs  ME 109s patrol off the coast and to the north of the Island.

1430 hrs  Five Hurricanes 185 Squadron are scrambled from Hal Far to intercept an incoming formation of one JU 88 and twelve ME 109s.

1447 hrs  The Hurricanes attack and together damage a JU 88.  P/O Lester is shot up by a ME 109 and wounded.

1645 hrs  Four Spitfires 249 Squadron, four Hurricanes 126 Squadron and seven 185 Squadron are airborne to intercept 24 JU 88 bombers in a series of formations, each with fighter escort.

1650 hrs  The four Spitfires are jumped by four ME 109s. One ME shoots down P/O Fox who bales out over the sea.  F/Lt McQueen attacks the ME and sees that go down into the sea.  P/O Sergeant attacks another ME, observing large pieces falling off.  P/O Lee attacks a JU 88, seeing strikes on the fuselage and black smoke from the port engine.

The Hurricanes close to within sight of the attacks.  F/Sgt Fletcher and F/Lt Stone see hits on the same JU 88 attacked by P/O Lee.

1711 hrs  Air raid on Hal Far.  Five JU 88s drop fifteen high explosive (HE) bombs, including three 1000kg.  Eight fall on the airfield.

1715 hrs  225 Light Ack Ack Battery (LAA) engage three JU 88s: one hit claimed.

1717 hrs  Three JU 88s drop 14 HE bombs including three 1000kg on Safi strip, and on Hal Far, damaging one Albacore, demolishing a hangar and leaving craters on the aerodrome.

1725 hrs  One gun of 225 LAA engages a JU 88: no claim. 

1725 hrs  One 1000kg bomb falls on Bubaqra village, damaging headquarters of A Company, 3rd Bn Kings Own Malta Regt and injuring the storeman.  An unexploded 500kg bomb is discovered 50 yards away.  B Company reports one fighter in the sea near Filfla.

1730 hrs  One gun of 225 LAA engages one JU 88: no claim.

1735 hrs  Guns of 225 LAA engage one JU 88: two guns claim one hit each.  One of the gun positions is hit:  billets are damaged and rendered unserviceable.  Personnel have to be accommodated temporarily in tents.

1735 hrs  Three JU 88s drop bombs on Misrah Blandun area.

1755 hrs  Four bombs explode between the headquarters of B and D Companies, 3 Bn Kings Own Malta Regt (KOMR).  One 1000kg bomb is reported near RAF posts at Ghar Lapsi.  An unexploded bomb is reported at position 424193.

1755 hrs  Fighter aircraft return to Ta Qali but Sgt Mulloy and P/O Lester are reported missing.

1810 hrs  Three Spitfires 249 Squadron airborne to escort the High Speed Launch in a search for P/O Lester.

1830 hrs  Seven JU 88s raid Ta Qali, dropping 45 high explosive bombs.  24 hit target, setting fire to and destroying two Hurricanes, one bowser and one tractor.  Bombs fall on the runway and the aerodrome is unserviceable for a short time.  One Hurricane and one Spitfire are slightly damaged.  LAC Parker is admitted to No 90 General Hospital with severe shock.

Several bombs fall around the camp of 8th Bn Kings Own Royal Regt and on Qrendi strip.  One bomb explodes close to the HQ building. The guard commander is affected by bomb blast and taken to hospital suffering from concussion.

1845 hrs  Four JU 88s drop HE bombs on Luqa airfield.

1900 hrs  P/O Sergeant 249 Squadron attacks a ME 109 with several bursts: the aircraft dives steeply towards the sea, emitting white smoke.

1909 hrs  Raiders passed.

1955 hrs  An observer of 3rd Bn KOMR at Ghar Lapsi sights a bomber in the sea West of Filfla, one fighter south east of Filfla and another fighter south of Filfla.

P/O Lester is rescued by the High Speed Launch.

2235-2300 hrs  One enemy aircraft crosses the coast near St George’s and drops bombs on Birkirkara and Tal Qroqq.  Heavy Ack Ack engage.

2355-0127 hrs  Eight single aircraft approach from the north.  Four cross the coast and bomb searchlight positions at Tal Balal and Mellieha, and in the sea.  Heavy Ack Ack engage; one night fighter is airborne.

Military casualties  Flight Sergeant Arthur Delehaunt, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (VR), 69 Squadron; Sergeant William Anderson, Royal Australian Air Force; Pilot Officer Harold Fox, Royal Air Force VR, 249 Squadron; Sergeant Robert Grimley, Royal Australian Air Force; Sergeant George Mulloy, Royal Air Force VR, 126 Squadron; Sergeant Graham Parker, Royal Australian Air Force.

Civilian casualties  St Paul’s Bay  Carmela Muscat, age 72; Francis Muscat, age 14.

Enemy casualties  Leutnant Kurt Lauinger, III/JG 53, Pilot of Messerschmitt Bf 109, shot down, picked up from the sea and taken prisoner.

OPERATIONS REPORTS WEDNESDAY 18 MARCH 1942

ROYAL NAVY  Two Swordfish and two Albacores on shipping search without result.  One Swordfish crashed on landing; crew unhurt.

AIR HQ  Arrivals  Three Blenheims from Gibraltar.

HAL FAR  AM  Two Swordfish and four Albacores of 828 and 830 Squadron on shipping search.  Two merchant vessels and two destroyers sighted 180 degrees Lampedusa 45 miles, course north, 15 knots.  One hit scored.

LUQA  0825-1256 hrs  One Maryland 69 Squadron special search for shipping: relocation of convoy and traffic moving east from Tripoli.  1434 hrs  One Maryland 69 Squadron despatched on reconnaissance of Marittimo-Kerkennah.  Sgt Parker fails to return.  One Maryland on reconnaissance Marittimo-Kerkennah failed to return: believed shot down by enemy fighters off Filfla.  Crew: Sgts Parker, Delehaunt, Grimley and Anderson airborne 1434 hrs.

SOUTHERN INFANTRY BRIGADE  One man A Company Kings Own Malta Regiment slightly injured by [1000kg bomb] in Bubaqra village; one Other Rank slightly injured by bomb blast.

1st BN THE CHESHIRE REGIMENT  Working party two Officers and 100 Other Ranks at Luqa.  1400 hrs  30 Other Ranks final parachute practice on Marsa Range. 

FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB  Reported 16-20 March 35 (average 7 per day).

(1) Profile of Robert Wendell ‘Buck’ McNair from Canadian Aces (Miles Constable)

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17 March 1942: 30 Civilians Killed by Heavy Bombs Across Malta

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  • Air raids back to full force

    Heinkel He 111

  • 79000 kg high explosive bombs dropped across Island
  • Indiscriminate night bombing hits civilian areas
  • 30 civilian casualties including two policemen
  • Heavier enemy fighter escorts – 40 protect a single raid
  • Heinkel III appears over Malta
  • Malta’s Ack Ack and fighters score hits on enemy aircraft
  • One Spitfire crashes
  • Aircraft destroyed on the ground

AIR RAIDS DAWN 17 MARCH TO DAWN 18 MARCH 1942

Weather  Wind westerly.  70% cloud at 500 feet.

0700 hrs  Four Hurricanes of 605 Squadron, Hal Far, are scrambled to intercept five JU 88s with an escort of ME 109s.  F/L Stone and P/O Noble make a head on attack on one JU 88: results not observed.  P/O Beckett engages a ME 109: no visible results.

0715 hrs  Six Spitfires of 249 Squadron are airborne and locate an incoming formation of JU 88s and Messerschmitts.  The Spitfires split into pairs.  Sgt Brenman scores cannon strikes on one Messerchmitt which goes down.  He then fires at a second ME but sees no results.  F/Lt Heppell has a short squirt at one ME 109 and sees a puff of black smoke as it climbs away.

0737 hrs  Air raid alert.  Six JU 88s escorted by ME 109s drop bombs on Luqa and the Grand Harbour area.  Malta’s fighters are up and engage.

0800 hrs  Six JU 88s drop bombs on Luqa aerodrome.  One bowser and two Wellingtons are burned out.  Three out of service Wellingtons are further damaged; one is written off. One Spitfire and one Mosquito of the Photo-Reconnaissance Unit are damaged.  One previously unserviceable Beaufighter is badly damaged.

0840 hrs  Seven Hurricanes of 126 Squadron from Hal Far join the fight, spotting five JU 88s and ten Messerchmitts.  S/Lt Wells scores strikes on one Junkers and P/O McHan fires machine gun bullets into the same aircraft.  Sgt Hale attacks another JU and sees smoke pouring from the starboard engine, believed to be glycol.  F/Lt Kemp attacks a ME 109 and sees bits fall from the starboard wing: the ME goes down into cloud.  Sgt Mulloy attacks a JU 88 and sees strikes under the starboard wing root.  He also claims strikes on a 2nd Junkers, along the tail end of the fuselage.

1000 hrs  JU 88s escorted by ME 109s drop bombs on Luqa and the Safi strip, and on the submarine base.

1025 hrs  One JU 88 is engaged by 225 Light Ack Ack Battery at 4-6000 feet: no claims.

1030 hrs  Four Spitfires are airborne.  Sighting a large formation of Messerschmitt fighters, the Spitfires dive away.  F/Sgt Cormack does not pull out of his dive and his machine heads straight towards Filfla: cause unknown.

1045 hrs  Five JU 88s drop bombs on Luqa aerodrome.

1050 hrs  The remaining Spitfires land safely.

1115 hrs  All clear.

1200-1355 hrs  Bombs are dropped on the Safi strip and Luqa, and in the sea off Delimara.

1310 hrs  Four JU 88s drop bombs in the Zurrieq area and on Safi strip. One JU 88 is engaged by two gun positions of 225 LAA at 5-6000 feet: no claims.

1407 hrs  Four JU 88s and one Heinkel 111 escorted by fighters approach the Island  Four Hurricanes of 185 Squadron Hal Far are scrambled to intercept the enemy aircraft.  Sgt Steele and Sgt Broad engage one JU 88: no visible results.  The raiders drop bombs to the west of Luqa and Ta Qali.  Heavy and Light Ack Ack engage.

1415 hrs  Three Hurricanes 126 Squadron are scrambled from Ta Qali and three Spitfires of 249 Squadron from Luqa.  They chase and damage the Heinkel.  A second wave of six JU 88s escorted by ME 109s drop twelve bombs on Ta Qali, damaging one Hurricane. Two civilians are killed, two are admitted to hospital and two have minor injuries.  Ack Ack engage and damage one JU 88.

1425 hrs  Two JU 88s drop bombs in the Mqabba area and near Loreto Church.

1445 hrs  The Spitfires and Hurricanes land safely.

1500 hrs  One Hurricane at Ta Qali is damaged by a delayed action bomb dropped at 1415 hrs.  One civilian is injured and taken to hospital.

1600 hrs  Five Hurricanes of 185 Squadron Hal Far are scrambled to intercept a formation of JU 88s.  Sgt Steele and Sgt Sutherland attack one JU, hitting the fuselage and engines.  Sgt Sutherland engages a ME 109, scoring hits between the engine and cockpit.

1619 hrs  A six-wave attack of bombers protected by a large fighter force.  The first wave of six JU 88 drops bombs on Sliema, Tigne and Marsaxmett Harbour.

One JU 88 drops bombs on Kirkop and Qrendi.

Three JU 88s drop bombs on Safi and to the north of Luqa.

One aircraft recedes from south to north at 18000 feet.

Six JU 88s drops bomb on the Qrendi strip and in the sea.

Six JU 88s drops bombs on Ta Qali, Luqa and Hal Far.   Malta’s fighters are up and damage one HE 111, one JU 88 and two ME 109s.  Light Ack Ack destroy one JU 88 and damage another.

1725 hrs  Three JU 88s drop bombs on the Safi strip. Three out of service Wellingtons are further damaged and written off.  Guns of 225 LAA Battery engage two JU 88s and one ME 109 at 4-5000 feet: no claims.

1830 hrs  Two Hurricanes 126 Squadron take off from Hal Far with five other Hurricanes of 185 Squadron to intercept an incoming formation.  The two Hurricanes of 126 chase a JU 88 which is last seen diving steeply into the sea.

1836 hrs  Four JU 88s drop bombs on the Safi strip and Misrah Blandun.

1840 hrs  Two Spitfires of 249 Squadron are scrambled from Luqa and patrol behind the Hurricanes.  Two ME 109s are spotted.  S/L Grant damages one with cannon shells and P/O Plagis attacks the other, observing pieces fall from the aircraft.

1842 hrs  Guns of 225 Light Ack Ack Battery engage two JU 88s at 3-4000 feet: three gun positions claim five hits in total.

1846 hrs  Guns of 225 Light Ack Ack Battery engage one JU 88 at 3-4000 feet.  All guns claim hits; two confirmed on the fuselage and starboard wing of one aircraft.  Gunners collect fallen fragments of fuselage and a rubber dinghy.  The plane recedes south apparently badly damaged.

1920 hrs  All clear.

2007 hrs  One aircraft approaches from the north, is barraged over Grand Harbour and drops its bomb load in the sea.

2044 hrs  Three aircraft approach from the north and drop bombs in the sea to the east of Mellieha.

2200 hrs  Two aircraft approach from the north and drop bombs on Pembroke Ranges, on Naxxar and in the sea.

2235 hrs  One aircraft drops bombs in the Rabat area.

2332-0100 hrs  Seven aircraft approach from the north and drop bombs on the Rabat and Rocco areas, and in the sea.

0156 hrs  Two aircraft approach from the north and drop bombs on St Georges and in the sea.

0340 hrs  Three aircraft drop bombs in the sea west of Gozo and another drops bombs to the south of Latnia.

0517 hrs   Seven aircraft approach the Island: one drops bombs near San Rocco fort, the remainder in the sea.

Military casualties  Flight Sergeant Ian Cormack Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, 249 Squadron.  Gunner Carmel Darmanin, 1 Coast Regiment, Royal Malta Artillery.

Civilian casualties  Birkirkara  Alfred Calleja, age 35.  Hamrun  George Debono, age 43.  Lija  Charles Lanzon, age 36.  Paola  Giuseppe Delia, age 60; Joseph Delia, age 4; George Gauci, age 80.  Qormi  Carmelo Aquilina, age 77.  Rabat  Francis Mallia, Ena Mallia Pulvirenti, age 12; Salvu Portelli, age 37; Andrew Spiteri, age 11; Samuel Vassallo, age 25.  Siggiewi  Carmelo Baldacchino, age 44.  Sliema  Eddie Bartolo, age 38; Joseph Bartolo, age 38; Alfred Calapai, age 54; Antonio Fava, age 20; Paul Formosa, age 50; Giuseppa Micallef, age 54; Joseph Micallef, age 11; Joseph Mifsud, age 66; Albert Mifsud, age 14; Anthony Pisani, age 38; Carmela Sghendo, age 15; Francis Spiteri, age 14; Alfred Vella, age 45.  Valletta  Muriel Brocklebank, age 47.  Zebbug  Giuseppe Petroni, age 29.  Zejtun  Joseph Mercieca, age 45.  Zurrieq  Ursola Schembri, age 58.

OPERATIONS REPORTS TUESDAY 17 MARCH 1942

ROYAL NAVY  MLs 126 and 130 arrived from Gibraltar.  Five Albacores left to attack convoy sighted earlier but failed to find.  Three Swordfish attacked one merchant vessel of 2000 tons east of Tripoli.  One torpedo was dropped and left ship ablaze from stem to stern.  Two Swordfish and four Albacores sighted and attacked two merchant vessels and two destroyers in Lampedusa area.  Two torpedoes dropped and one hit on a 7000 ton merchant vessel is claimed.

AIR HQ  Arrivals  One Hudson, one Wellington from Gibraltar.  Departures  Four Spitfires to 108 MU.

HAL FAR  Five Albacores 828 Squadron dispatched to attack convoy – nothing sighted.  Three Swordfish 830 Squadron on shipping search.  They attacked one merchant vessel (position east Tripoli 25 miles, 10 miles from shore).  A hit was scored: merchant vessel left ablaze from stem to stern.  One Swordfish – S/L Shute, Mid. Hillery – missing.

LUQA  0712-1300 hrs  One Maryland 69 Squadron special search south and east of Malta for enemy shipping.  1534-1940 hrs  One Maryland 69 Squadron special search for enemy shipping.

TA QALI  Signal 0831 HQ:  Identity of 242 and 605 Squadrons cease to exist as such on Malta with effect from 15 March 1942.  Pilots being absorbed with existing fighter squadrons at Ta Qali and Hal Far.  Night operations: no interceptions.

1st BN THE CHESHIRE REGIMENT  B Company on exercise Corrodino area; normal work for other Companies.  1400 hrs A Company cross-country run.

2ND BN THE ROYAL IRISH FUSILIERS  St Patrick’s Day parade of Battalion at San Pawl Tat Targe.  Shamrock presented by GOC.  March to Naxxar for church parade and sermon by Rev Navin.  Dinner in evening attended by Brigadier L/Col Iggleden, L/Col Brittorous.  Men entertained by concert party.

FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB  Reported 16-20 March 35 (average 7 per day).

 

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16 March 1942: Poison Gas Warning

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Ta Qali

APPEAL FOR VOLUNTARY LABOUR FOR TA QALI

A message has been broadcast across Malta appealing for volunteers to help with improvements to Ta Qali airfield.  The work is needed to prepare the airfield for regular use by the Island’s new Spitfire squadrons.

POISON GAS WARNING

Commanders of the Central Infantry Brigade warn forces that the enemy may attack Malta using any or all of the methods demonstrated in other countries.  The possibility of weapons not yet used in this war, such as poison gas, being employed by the enemy must not be overlooked, they state in their latest Operations Instruction issued yesterday.

A REMARKABLE MOTHER

In the midst of intense enemy air raids, Rogelia Odo Denver realised her baby was about to be born:  “She was taken by car during a raid to the hospital.  The driver stopped some distance from the hospital and so she walked to her destination with the raid continuing – completely on her own.   A normal birth ensued…  

Then three days later when Bernard was visiting his wife and son, and despite a massive red cross painted around the building, there was a direct hit.  Rogelia’s bed was now on the edge of what was the ward on the upper floor.  She was wrapped in sheets and lowered through the rubble to safety.  The baby, rescued by his father, was taken to safety.   Some days later an ambulance was taking Rogelia and the baby back from Imtarfa Hospital to Floriana when a raid stopped the ambulance.  The driver ran leaving mother and child in an unknown area.  Once again Rogelia’s character came to the rescue – no panic, just  find  a shelter.  Luckily an officer saw her plight and showed her the way to a shelter.  The officer then went in search of the driver who was never seen again.”   (1)

AIR RAIDS DAWN 16 MARCH TO DAWN 17 MARCH 1942

Weather  Thick cloud.

0746-0749 hrs  Two aircraft approach the Island but recede when still 25 miles north east.

0905-0925 hrs  One aircraft makes a complete circuit of the Island.

0954-1057 hrs  Air raid alarm.  Raid does not materialise.

1058-1114 hrs  Aircraft identified as friendly.

1434-1520 hrs  Four ME 109s patrol the Island in two pairs – one to the east and the other to the west.  Malta’s fighters are up but do not engage.

1725-1730 hrs  Air raid alarm.  Raid does not materialise.

Night  Nil to report.

OPERATIONS REPORTS MONDAY 16 MARCH 1942

ROYAL NAVY  P34 returned with 14 prisoners of war, from Italian submarine Ammiraglio Millo sunk by HMS Ultimatum off C. Stilo with the loss of 57 crew.  Sokol returned from patrol north of Lampion having been prevented from attacking two targets by counter A/S measures.

AIR HQ  Arrivals  Four Spitfires, photo-reconnaissance unit, from Gibraltar.

HAL FAR  PM  One Albacore despatched on shipping search: nothing sighted.

LUQA  0712-1102 hrs  One Maryland 69 Squadron carried out a special search of Messina and Taranto.  0008-0245 hrs  Two Wellingtons 37 Squadron despatched to attack Catania aerodrome.

TA QALI  Kings Own Malta Regiment C Company to be relieved of all guard duties, to be employed in carrying out repairs to the aerodrome, construction of pens and general emergency work.  Twelve of a detachment at Kalafrana are to be posted to Ta Qali.  Guard duties will now be carried out by Station Police.  Extra pens sited and arranged.  No scrambles.

1st BN THE CHESHIRE REGIMENT  2000 hrs  Platoon B Company carried out night firing on Pembroke Ranges.

FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB  Reported 16-20 March 35 (average 7 per day).

(1) From The Remarkable Woman, Bernard J Denver, 2005

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15 March 1942: Hell on Sunday – 1800kg Satan Bombs on Valletta

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MASSIVE BOMBS ON VALLETTA AS HEAVY RAIDS RETURN TO THE CAPITAL

German 1800kg ‘Satan’ Bomb (NWMA Malta)

Mass bombing returns to Malta today as the enemy responds to the recent success of Spitfires against their raiders.  The city of Valletta became a specific target for the first time this year.  The Luftwaffe chose the heaviest bomb carried by Junkers aircraft for their mission:  the two-ton ‘Satan’.  In five raids on the capital, German bombers dropped over 15000 kg of high explosive bombs on the streets, killing twelve civilians and one serviceman on leave.

Observers report that the number of aircraft in each raid has risen significantly.  Fighter escorts have increased in size, to outnumber the Island’s modest Spitfire force and overcome their recent success rate.

DOCKYARD APPRENTICE FINDS GIANT BOMB

“I was then a 16 years old Dockyard apprentice and Sunday was the only full day off from where I worked… It was a sunny morning and I was outside my home…A detachment of Infantry troops on a route march were coming down the road a short distance away. Suddenly everything erupted all at once. Wailing sirens, dispersing troops and heavy and intense gunfire. Like a second instinct we all dashed to take cover . As usual I was always one of the last to enter the shelter staying at the entrance to see what was going on.

Almost immediately, out of the din, the screaming crescendo of a diving plane filled our ears and, as the noise began to fade, suddenly a loud ”shuuuttle-sshee-shuuuttle ”- the unmistakable and sinister shuttling  noise of a falling bomb. I ducked inside the shelter as far as I was able waiting for the usual shattering explosion and the trembling of the ground under our feet.  But nothing happened.  Another five minutes or so went by and still nothing happened. It was becoming clear that a bomb had come down and had not exploded.

As soon as the noise of gunfire and diving planes had subsided and without waiting for the All Clear sirens, I emerged from the shelter and ran along Zabbar Road to where I thought the bomb had fallen, assuming, with good reason, that the bomb was aimed at the detachment of troops as they marched along the road…I spotted something embedded in the ground right in the middle of the road… a large bomb was clearly visible close to the surface and painted a bluish colour…

Gingerly, and apprehensively with my curiosity overcoming fear I moved nearer for a closer look. It was then that the stark and ominous reality suddenly dawned on me. For a fleeting moment, aghast and transported into a different dimension, I nearly froze rivetted to the spot. What was I doing here so close to this hellish object? Have I taken leave of my senses?  I could be blown to bits in a fraction of a second!

I retreated, hurriedly breaking into a run towards the shelter pointing behind me and shouting at the top of my voice ”Unexploded bomb; unexploded bomb’ and in Maltese,”Emm bomba ma splodiet’ to some of the men now cautiously emerging from the shelter… ”   Joseph V Stephens, 2012

AIR RAIDS DAWN 15 MARCH TO DAWN 16 MARCH 1942

Weather  Wind variable; cloudy at times – deteriorated during the day.

0713-0732 hrs  Two ME 109s approach the Island but do not cross the coast.

0818-0905 hrs  Three JU 88s escorted by ten ME 109s approach from the north.  Two JU 88s drop 250kg and 500kg bombs on Ta Minsia and St Julians area.  One JU 88 recedes.

0932-1005 hrs  One JU 88 escorted by five ME 109s drops an 1800kg bomb to the west of Zabbar.

Four Hurricanes of 605 Squadron (all armed with machine guns) are scrambled to intercept enemy aircraft.  P/O Noble engages a ME 109: strikes observed.  P/O Wigley attacks another ME 109: results not observed.

1020 hrs  Four JU 88s escorted by 24 fighters approach the Island.  One JU 88 drops an 1800kg bomb on Valletta.  The other three drop 250kg and 500kg bombs on Valletta and Qrendi strip.  Malta’s fighters are airborne and engage.

1045 hrs  Three Hurricanes of 242 Squadron are scrambled.  Sgt Boyd attacks a JU 88 twice but sees no results.  C Coy, 3rd Bn Kings Own Malta Regiment report a stick of bombs in area: three men are slightly hurt.

1100 hrs  A bomb explodes in Francis Street, Valletta: suspect delayed-action.

1130 hrs  Four Spitfires 249 Squadron are scrambled from Luqa.  They are attacked by three ME 109s.  F/L Heppell sees cannon strikes on the fuselage of one ME which is then lost in cloud.  All Spitfires return safely to Luqa.

1135 hrs  All clear.  Three Hurricanes 242 Squadron return to Ta Qali.

1205-1255 hrs  Three JU 88s escorted by fifteen ME 109s drop 250kg and 500kg bombs near Luqa.  Heavy Ack Ack engage and damage one engine of a JU 88.

1220 hrs  Three JU 88s drop 500kg bombs from below cloud level between headquarters of 8t Bn Kings Own Royal Regiment (Ta Qandia quarries) and C Company at Ta Hasluk.  Kings Own Malta Regiment report a stick of bombs near Wied Babu.

1319-1438 hrs  Four JU 88s escorted by nine ME 109s drop 500kg bombs on Zabbar, Latnia and Rinella.  Four Spitfires engage.

1421 hrs  One JU 88 escorted by ME 109s approaches from the north.  Seven Hurricanes and three Spitfires are airborne but do not engage.  The JU 88 drops a 1800kg bomb on Valletta.

1515 hrs  A bomb explodes in Ursula Street, Valletta; suspect delayed-action.

1517 hrs  Three JU 88s and two ME 109s drop 500kg bombs on Zabbar and Zonqor areas.  Heavy and Light Ack Ack engage.

Four Hurricanes of 185 Squadron at Hal Far take off to intercept incoming enemy aircraft.

1538 hrs  Three JU 88s accompanied by 25 ME 109s drop 500kg bombs on Hal Far and in the sea.  The Hurricanes attack a JU 88: hits are observed on the tail and fuselage.

1545 hrs  Bombs area Della Grazia – Rinella-Maria Tas Silch.

1555 hrs  All clear.

1619-1657 hrs  Seven unidentified aircraft approach above the clouds.  Heavy Ack Ack engage with two barrages.

1715 hrs  W/C Satchell leads four Hurricanes from Ta Qali which join up with four from Hal Far; one returns early.  W/C Satchell attacks a JU 88: strikes are observed on the wing.  The same aircraft is fired on by two other Hurricanes.  W/C Satchell becomes separated from the formation and has a dog fight with a Messerschmitt.  He shoots off the tail of the enemy aircraft: claims destroyed.

1732-1820 hrs  Three JU 88s escorted by ME 109s drop bombs on Hal Far. Heavy and Light Ack Ack engage; no claims.

1931-2045 hrs  Two aircraft drop bombs on Gozo and in the sea.  Ack Ack engage.

2122-2140 hrs  One aircraft drops bombs in the sea.  Ack Ack do not engage.

2354-0018 hrs  One aircraft approaches and recedes when still 15 miles north of the Island.

0028-0058 hrs  Three aircraft approach; bombs are dropped to the north of Zabbar and in the sea.  Heavy Ack Ack engage.

Military casualties  Private Dominic Mifsud, King’s Own Malta Regiment, died whilst on leave in Valletta. Leading Aircraftsman Stanley Leavesley, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.

Civilian casualties  Birkirkara  Salvu Borg, age 20.  Sliema  Polly Cannataci, age 26.  St Julians  Christopher Butler, age 21 months, (son of Capt Butler, 2nd Battalion, Royal West Kent Regiment).  Valletta  Giovanna Attard, age 56; Joseph Bellizzi, age 66; Dominica Borg Bellizzi, age 39; Michelina Busuttil, age 60; Vincent Busuttil, age 30; Anthony Formosa, age 37; Girlamo Fsadni, age 77; Marianna Mayman, age 34; Harold Miles, age 38; Mary Mifsud, age 57; Michael Vella, age 74; Melita Vella, age 35.  Zabbar  Emmanuele Bongailas, age 28; Giuseppe Lia, age 12.

OPERATIONS REPORTS SUNDAY 15 MARCH 1942

LUQA  0745-0920 hrs  One Maryland 69 Squadron carried out part of SF 5 patrol.

SOUTHERN INFANTRY BRIGADE  One Man D Company 3rd Bn Kings Own Malta Regiment slightly injured by bombs in area of Qrendi strip.  Two men E Company 3rd Bn Kings Own Malta Regiment Paola sustained slight injuries during a bombing raid.

FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB  Reported 21 February-15 March 128 (average 6 per day).

 

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Posted by on March 15, 2017 in 1942, March 1942

 

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14 March 1942: Malta’s Artillery ‘Tommy’s Best’ Says Germany

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40mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun and crew (c) IWM GM744

EXTRACT FROM TODAY’S ‘GERMAN HOME NEWS’             

“Malta’s Anti-Aircraft artillery must be counted among Tommy’s very best, and plays the greatest part in the defence of the Island.”

NIGHT RAIDING TACTICS CHANGED

Enemy tactics changed overnight: instead of the usual single raider, monitors report that aircraft are approaching Malta in twos and threes.  Searchlights revealed the raiders as Italian BR 20 Cicogna (stork) aircraft.  Heavy Ack Ack were active and one Beaufighter was airborne on night operations.  Although there were no engagements, the enemy aircraft did not cross the coast and dropped all their bombs in the sea.

AIR RAIDS DAWN 14 MARCH TO DAWN 15 MARCH 1942

Weather   Wind slight; hazy.

0719 hrs  Two ME 109s patrol to the south.

0935 hrs  One JU 88 escorted by Messerschmitts carries out reconnaissance from east to west.  Heavy Ack Ack engage and destroy one ME 109, also probably one bomber.

Two ME 109s search to the south west of Gozo where one ME crashed previously.

1020 hrs  Four Spitfires are scrambled from Luqa and attack three ME 109s.

1022 hrs  All clear.

1035 hrs  Three JU 88s with fighter escort drop 42 high explosive bombs on Hal Far, causing several craters on the aerodrome.  One Hurricane is burned out, one needs major repairs and another two minor repairs.  One motor transport trailer is blown up and one tractor destroyed.  Malta’s fighters engage ME 109s.  Heavy Ack Ack also engage.  During the raid one ME 109 continues a search to the west of Gozo.

1115 hrs   Spitfire pilot F/Lt McQueen engages an ME 109 and sees strikes on the fuselage: claims destroyed.

1306 hrs  All clear.

1316-1537 hrs  One triple-engined flying boat escorted by three ME 109s carries out rescue work to the west of Gozo.   (See Luftwaffe flying boat rescue: CLICK HERE > 1 min 50 sec)

1410 hrs  Two Spitfires of 249 Squadron are scrambled from Ta Qali.  Pilots F/Lt Lucas and P/O Daddo-Langlois attack two Messerschmitts, damaging one.  They are then chased by another formation of Messerschmitt fighters.

1552 hrs  Enemy aircraft continue to patrol to the west of Gozo.  F/Lt Lucas and P/O Daddo-Langlois are airborne again to escort a departing Maryland setting off on patrol.

1615 hrs  On his return F/Lt Lucas attacks and damages one ME 109.

1733 hrs  All clear.

1800-1847 hrs  Two enemy flying boats escorted by fighters continue rescue work west of Gozo.  Malta’s fighters are airborne: no engagement.

1852-1915 hrs  Air raid alarm.  Raid does not materialise.

2046-2130 hrs  Three enemy aircraft approach but do not cross the coast, dropping bombs in the sea.

2242-0155 hrs  Two aircraft approach, dropping bombs south of Anchor Bay and in the sea.

0237-0244 hrs  Air raid alarm.  Raid does not materialise.

Military casualties  Gunner Michael Madden, 4th Heavy Ack Ack Regiment, Royal Artillery.

Civilian casualties  Floriana  Francis Pulo, age 62. Zurrieq  Kalanc Zerafa, age 47.

Enemy casualties   Heinrich Blum, III/JG3, pilot of a Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter: died when his plane collided with the Bf 109 fighter of Leutnant Walter Seiz.

OPERATIONS REPORTS SATURDAY 14 MARCH 1942

ROYAL NAVY  Urge returned to harbour with a defective generator.  Xmas out searching various positions Hurd Bank.  Two Swordfish left to attack one merchant vessel and one destroyer to westward but returned with engine trouble.  Five Albacores carried out a shipping search without result.

AIR HQ  Departures  Two Wellingtons, one Hudson, one Flamingo to 108 MU; one Beaufighter to Heliopolis.

HAL FAR PM  Two Swordfish 830 Squadron despatched to search for and attack enemy shipping.  Returned early due to engine trouble: nothing sighted.  Five Albacores despatched on search and strikes on enemy shipping.  Two aircraft returned early due to engine trouble.  Remainder made a thorough search of area indicated and confirmed no shipping in locality.

LUQA  0805-1210hrs  One Maryland 69 Squadron carried out SF 5 patrol.  0940-1115 hrs  One Spitfire photo-reconnaissance (PR) 69 Squadron carried out PR of Comiso, Gala and Biscari aerodromes.  1550-1930 hrs  One Maryland 69 Squadron carried out SF 4 patrol.

TA QALI  Flight Lieutenant (Acting Squadron Leader) P S Turner promoted to the Acting Rank of Wing Commander.

1st BN THE CHESHIRE REGIMENT  Battalion drill parade: A & C Coys on Floriana Parade Ground; B & D at Dockyard School.  58 enemy planes over the Island during the morning.

2ND BN THE ROYAL WEST KENT REGIMENT  Mostly rescue work. 

FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB  Reported 21 February-15 March 128 (average 6 per day).

 

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Posted by on March 14, 2017 in 1942, March 1942

 

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13 March 1942: Spitfires Score 19 Strikes on Enemy Aircraft

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MALTA RADIO ANNOUNCES SPITFIRE SUCCESSES

Spitfires at Ta Qali

“Oh, for a few Spitfires, we have thought again and again. It was said that Spitfires could not work here – on account of the climate said some, difficulties of upkeep said others, confused air-currents, etc. But we do know that the runways of the dromes have been lengthened, and somebody whispered that this was the real secret. Spitfires need a longer runway than we could hitherto supply. Last week there was a rumour that they were really coming – that some pilots had actually arrived.

Last Saturday some positively did, and Spitfires were flown over the island for recognition purposes. On Sunday and Monday they were in action; and in the local News last night, we were told that ‘our Aircraft’ together with ground batteries had destroyed 5 enemies and damaged 14 others. This is easily the best record for weeks and we are hoping to God that it may be the beginning of something like parity or even superiority in the air.” (1)

AIR RAIDS DAWN 13 MARCH TO DAWN 14 MARCH 1942

Weather  Wind south east; 100% cloud.

1100 hrs  Five Hurricanes 242 Squadron Ta Qali are scrambled to intercept incoming enemy aircraft.

1105 hrs  Three JU 88s accompanied by fighters approach the Island.

1130 hrs  The JU 88s drop three 500kg, six 250kg and thirty 50kg bombs on Ta Qali, damaging Chateau Bertrand and the Pottery, and killing a horse.  One fuel bowser and a Hurricane are set on fire.  One fighter Blenheim and a Beaufighter are damaged.  The aerodrome remains serviceable.  Heavy Ack Ack damage one JU 88.  Malta’s fighters engage.

1150 hrs  Sgt Mulloy, 242 Squadron, attacks and damages one ME 109.

1209 hrs  All clear.

1650-1730 hrs  One JU 88 with six ME 109s patrols the Island without crossing the coast.

1941 hrs  Two JU 88 bombers approach from the north and drop six 250kg and fourteen 50kg bombs on the Hal Far, Dingli and Wardia areas, and in the sea.  Guns and searchlights engage.

2154-2340 hrs  One aircraft drops bombs near Siggiewi, near Wolseley Camp, 1st Bn Dorsetshire Regt, on Ta Sinia and in the sea.  Heavy Ack Ack engage.

Military casualties  Leading Aircraftsman Gordon White, Royal Air Force, 249 Squadron.

OPERATIONS REPORTS: FRIDAY 13 MARCH 1942

ROYAL NAVY  Albacore search in the vicinity of Homs sighted nothing.

AIR HQ Arrivals  Two Wellingtons, one Hudson, one Flamingo from Gibraltar.

LUQA  0745-1220 hrs  One Maryland 69 Squadron carried out SF 5 patrol.  0943-1120 hrs  One Spitfire carried out photo-reconnaissance east Sicilian aerodromes.  Catania, Gerbini and Augusta photographed.  1558-1813 hrs  One Maryland 69 Squadron carried out SF 4 patrol but returned early owing to intercom trouble.  0015-0342 hrs  One Wellington 37 Squadron attacked Tripoli Harbour: no shipping sighted.

11TH BN THE LANCASHIRE FUSILIERS  Luqa working party still in abeyance.  This unit hands over Observation Post Tal Minsia to 2nd Bn Royal West Kent Regt.

ROYAL ARMY ORDNANCE CORPS  Billets at 33 New Street and No 2 Piazza Miratore are damaged by enemy action.

FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB  Reported 21 February-15 March 128 (average 6 per day).

(1) Extract from diary of Reverend Reginald M. Nicholls, Chancellor of St.Paul’s Anglican Cathedral, Valletta.  Courtesy of website Malta Family History

 

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Posted by on March 13, 2017 in 1942, March 1942

 

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12 March 1942: Luftwaffe ‘Licking its Wounds’

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  • Enemy forced higher to avoid Ack Ack: bombs dropped from 20-24000 feet.
  • Italian bombers in daylight raids on airfields
  • German bombers aim 36 High Explosive bombs at Ta Qali
  • Plus another 36 High Explosive bombs on Hal Far

AIRCRAFT NEED BOMB-PROOF SHELTERS

Heavy bombing of Malta’s airfields is destroying too many aircraft on the ground.  Infantry battalions are being drafted in to Hal Far to build protective walls to shelter planes from the blast effect of exploding bombs.  With an acute shortage of materials, the Army have to improvise to create suitable building blocks.  As well as any stone fragments which can be salvaged from destroyed buildings, empty petrol cans will be filled with soil and stacked up to create the pen walls.

AIR RAIDS DAWN 12 MARCH TO DAWN 13 MARCH 1942

Weather  Cloudy at times; wind variable.

0849-0928 hrs  Two ME 109s come in from the south east and recede north east without dropping any bombs.

1104 hrs  Two plots of six aircraft come in from the north and drop bombs on the Ta Qali area.  Nine bombs are dropped on quarters of D Company, 1st Bn Durham Light Infantry near the coast at Gebel Ciantar.

1130 hrs  Four Italian BR 20 aircraft drop bombs on Ta Qali camp, damaging a bus and one refueller.  One shelter and one billet collapse; seven Hurricanes are slightly damaged.  LAC White is admitted to hospital (he died on 13th March) and three others, LAC Weston, LAC Weir, and AC1 Varty, are rescued from the shelter and admitted to hospital.

1205 hrs  All clear.

1226-1241 hrs  One aircraft approaches from the north but does not cross the coast.

1605 hrs  Enemy bombers with fighter escort totalling eighteen aircraft approach the Island.

1635 hrs  Three JU 88s drop about fourteen bombs on Ta Qali.  HLB electric light cables are interrupted; slight blast damage to new and old HQ buildings.  One Hurricane, one Spitfire and one fighter Blenheim are slightly damaged.

1706 hrs  All Clear.

2040 hrs  Seven aircraft approach from the north and drop bombs on St Andrews, Kalafrana, Safi and out at sea.  Fighters do not engage.

2050 hrs  Twelve bombs are dropped in the area of St Agata Church.

2100 hrs  HQ Company of 3rd Bn Kings Own Malta Regiment report one unexploded bomb between Qrendi and Zurrieq.

2200 hrs  A Company 3rd Bn Kings Own Malta Regiment report eight grenades round Bubaqra Platoon tents.

2345 hrs  A Beaufighter crewed by F/L Hayton and P/O Josling sights a JU 88, follows it and attacks; they see strikes and explosions on the fuselage.  The enemy aircraft dives and is followed but lost.  Petrol consumption for 2 1/2 hours is 500 gallons.

0138 hrs  One aircraft bombs Ta Qali and Boschetto Gardens.  Fighters and Heavy Ack Ack engage.

0143 hrs  Bombs are dropped in the Bubaqra area.

0215 hrs  All Clear.

Civilian casualties  Salvo Perini, Police Constable, HM Dockyard.

Enemy casualties (known)  Unteroffizier Horst Eiler, 1/KuFlGr606, pilot of a Junkers JU 88 bomber shot down.

OPERATIONS REPORTS THURSDAY 12 MARCH 1942

ROYAL NAVY  P31 returned from patrol off Lampion having sunk a southbound 6000 ton merchant vessel which was fully laden.  Porpoise sailed for Alexandria with passengers and stores.  One Albacore sighted one merchant vessel and one destroyer in the vicinity of Pantelleria, westbound.  Three Swordfish left to attack but returned owing to leader developing engine trouble.

AIR HQ  Departures  One Wellington to Shalufa.

HAL FAR  Afternoon raid: main road to Kalafrana damaged.

LUQA 0740-1250 hrs  One Maryland 69 Squadron carries out SF5 patrol.  1215-1452 hrs  One Spitfire carries out photo-reconnaissance of Sicilian aerodromes.

TA QALI  Six airmen are attached from Luqa for duty with Beaufighter Flight.  Fifteen aircrew personnel are posted to 249 Squadron.  Air Marshall Tedder, C in C Middle East, visited and inspected station.

1st BN THE CHESHIRE REGIMENT  Battalion went on fortnightly route march.

2ND BN THE DEVONSHIRE REGIMENT  Battalion provides 100 men a day with effect from today for building protective walls at Hal Far.

1ST BN THE HAMPSHIRE REGIMENT  C Company of 8th Bn Kings Own Royal Regt relieved A Company 4 Hamps on Safi strip.  A Company moving to Ta Hashluk area.

8TH BN THE  KINGS OWN ROYAL REGIMENT  C Company temporarily took over area from A Company of !st Bn Hampshire Regt on Safi.

11TH BN THE LANCASHIRE FUSILIERS  C Company HQ and Reserve Platoon move to Savoy Hotel from Ta Xbiex.  Aircraft activity over Island on minor scale:  Luftwaffe probably ‘licking its wounds’.

FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB  Reported 21 February-15 March 128 (average 6 per day).

 

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Posted by on March 12, 2017 in 1942, March 1942

 

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