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CONVOY FIGHTS ITS WAY INTO GRAND HARBOUR
Having changed course frequently in an attempt to avoid detection by the enemy, Convoy MW 10 was unable to reach Grand Harbour under cover of darkness this morning as planned. Approaching the Island in broad daylight, the convoy of four freighters – Breconshire, Clan Campbell, Pampas and Talabot – and their protective force headed for Malta. From dawn onwards they were under constant air attack by a determined Luftwaffe. Malta’s fighters put up a strong resistance against a total enemy force of 62 JU 88 bombers and 25 ME 109 fighters.
Only Pampas and Talabot made it safely into Grand Harbour; Clan Campbell was sunk and Breconshire disabled by Luftwaffe attacks. Chiefs of Staff have reluctantly concluded that until Malta’s air space is safe no further convoys can be planned. Without essential supplies, the Island will be unable to feed or defend itself.
AIR RAIDS DAWN 23 MARCH TO DAWN 24 MARCH 1942
Weather Wind south and squally; 100% low cloud – visibility poor.
0514-1423 hrs 62 JU 88s with an escort of 25 ME 109s attack the convoy as it approaches Malta and within Grand Harbour.
Hurricanes and Spitfires are airborne almost continuously from dawn until dusk, carrying out 42 sorties. F/Lt Lawrence and Sgt Broad 185 Squadron destroy a Heinkel He111. Sgt Horricks and Sgt Eastman 185 Squadron probably destroy a JU 88. S/Ldr Mortimer-Rose, Sgt Eastman, P/O Wigley, F/Sgt Fletcher 185 Squadron and two pilots of 249 Squadron damage four JU 88s. Sgt Ellis, P/O Noble and P/O Beckett score hits on two other JU 88s. Many others are hit and forced to jettison their bombs. Two JU 88s are damaged by Anti-Aircraft fire and others by HM ships.
PM There is continuous Ack Ack fire out to sea but owing to bad visibility enemy planes are not visible.
0815 hrs Talabot comes within sight of land, welcomed by two Hurricane fighters sent out to meet her. Within half a mile of harbour she is attacked by a ME 109 but undamaged.
0915 hrs Talabot enters Grand Harbour followed by Pampas, surviving another Messerschmitt attack in which four gunners are wounded. Word has spread of the convoy’s arrival and cheering Maltese crowd the bastions to welcome the two freighters, with destroyers Kingston and Havock – both damaged yesterday en route to Malta – as they cruise into harbour.
0920 hrs Breconshire is in sight of Delimara Point when she is attacked by ME 109s with bombs and machine-gunfire.
0936 hrs A JU 88 aims a bomb at Breconshire which explodes under the ship, stopping her engines.
1000 hrs Another JU 88 aims bombs at Breconshire, causing further damage. In the heavy swell, the ship begins to drift.
1020 hrs Still 20 miles from Malta, the slower merchant vessel Clan Campbell is severely damaged by a dive-bombing attack.
1100 hrs Clan Campbell sinks with the loss of her Captain and five hands. The destroyer Legion is badly damaged.
1200 hrs Efforts to bring Breconshire into port have to be abandoned: the weather is too rough for towing or disembarkation. The ship, passengers and crew have to sit at anchor off Zonkor Point awaiting a tow. One gun and crew of 225 Light Ack Ack Battery is transferred to Zonkor Point to provide protective cover.
Night 23/24th Weather and visibility bad: no enemy action.
Military casualties Sub-Lieutenant Basil Rivers, Mentioned in Despatches, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, HMS St.Angelo; Ordinary Seaman Norman McLeod, HMS Beaufort; Petty Officer John Blue, HMS Carlisle; Able Seaman J Hulme, HMS Havock; Able Seaman Arthur Adaway, HMS Kingston; Sub-Lieutenant John Carter, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, HMS Kingston; Able Seaman John Jordan, HMS Kingston; Leading Stoker Joseph Strange, HMS Kingston; Able Seaman George Querstret, HMS Kingston. Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Cherry, Royal Artillery, attached to Malta Territorial Force; Gunner William Griffiths, 4th Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery.
Civilian casualties Kalkara Agostino Mintoff, age 16.
OPERATIONS REPORTS MONDAY 23 MARCH 1942
HAL FAR Eight Hurricanes 185 Squadron from Hal Far are airborne on convoy patrol. Fifteen pilots patrol in pairs from dawn to dusk. PM One Albacore despatched on shipping search: nothing sighted. Owing to bad weather the aircraft landed in the sea. Pilot Lt Head is saved but two others, S/L Rivers and L/A Tuttle are lost.
LUQA No operations.
TA QALI Orderly room established in St Edward’s College with accounts and Guard Room. No operations: runway only is serviceable. Salvage work proceeding.
CENTRAL INFANTRY BRIGADE Convoy arrives from Mid East bringing reinforcements: 11th Lancs Fusiliers one Officer; 2nd Bn Royal West Kent Regt, five Officers; 1st Bn Durham Light Infantry eight Officers, 92 Other Ranks.
NORTHERN INFANTRY BRIGADE Convoy brings Officer reinforcements for Brigade as follows: 4 Buffs eight; 2nd Bn Royal Irish Fusiliers ten; 8th Bn Manchester Regt five.
1st BN THE CHESHIRE REGIMENT 1000 hrs Gas masks worn for one hour. 1400 hrs All Companies did weekly cross country run. Heavy cloud during the day.
2ND BN THE DEVONSHIRE REGIMENT Seven Officers joint the Battalion from the convoy.
1ST BN THE DURHAM LIGHT INFANTRY 0400 hrs Duty Officer warned that ‘A’ Company was arriving by convoy early in the morning. By 1200 hrs two Officers and 40 Other Ranks had joined the Battalion in camp. The remainder of the Company were on board Breconshire which had stopped ten miles out to sea owing to engine trouble. The seven Other Ranks killed in the air raid on 21st March were buried in the Imtarfa Hospital Cemetery.
1ST BN THE HAMPSHIRE REGIMENT Seven Officers arrived in Malta and were taken on strength.
225TH LIGHT ACK ACK BATTERY, ROYAL ARTILLERY One gun and personnel are transferred to Zonkor Point to protect shipping.
FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB Reported 23.
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