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- Air raids back to full force
- 79000 kg high explosive bombs dropped across Island
- Indiscriminate night bombing hits civilian areas
- 30 civilian casualties including two policemen
- Heavier enemy fighter escorts – 40 protect a single raid
- Heinkel III appears over Malta
- Malta’s Ack Ack and fighters score hits on enemy aircraft
- One Spitfire crashes
- Aircraft destroyed on the ground
AIR RAIDS DAWN 17 MARCH TO DAWN 18 MARCH 1942
Weather Wind westerly. 70% cloud at 500 feet.
0700 hrs Four Hurricanes of 605 Squadron, Hal Far, are scrambled to intercept five JU 88s with an escort of ME 109s. F/L Stone and P/O Noble make a head on attack on one JU 88: results not observed. P/O Beckett engages a ME 109: no visible results.
0715 hrs Six Spitfires of 249 Squadron are airborne and locate an incoming formation of JU 88s and Messerschmitts. The Spitfires split into pairs. Sgt Brenman scores cannon strikes on one Messerchmitt which goes down. He then fires at a second ME but sees no results. F/Lt Heppell has a short squirt at one ME 109 and sees a puff of black smoke as it climbs away.
0737 hrs Air raid alert. Six JU 88s escorted by ME 109s drop bombs on Luqa and the Grand Harbour area. Malta’s fighters are up and engage.
0800 hrs Six JU 88s drop bombs on Luqa aerodrome. One bowser and two Wellingtons are burned out. Three out of service Wellingtons are further damaged; one is written off. One Spitfire and one Mosquito of the Photo-Reconnaissance Unit are damaged. One previously unserviceable Beaufighter is badly damaged.
0840 hrs Seven Hurricanes of 126 Squadron from Hal Far join the fight, spotting five JU 88s and ten Messerchmitts. S/Lt Wells scores strikes on one Junkers and P/O McHan fires machine gun bullets into the same aircraft. Sgt Hale attacks another JU and sees smoke pouring from the starboard engine, believed to be glycol. F/Lt Kemp attacks a ME 109 and sees bits fall from the starboard wing: the ME goes down into cloud. Sgt Mulloy attacks a JU 88 and sees strikes under the starboard wing root. He also claims strikes on a 2nd Junkers, along the tail end of the fuselage.
1000 hrs JU 88s escorted by ME 109s drop bombs on Luqa and the Safi strip, and on the submarine base.
1025 hrs One JU 88 is engaged by 225 Light Ack Ack Battery at 4-6000 feet: no claims.
1030 hrs Four Spitfires are airborne. Sighting a large formation of Messerschmitt fighters, the Spitfires dive away. F/Sgt Cormack does not pull out of his dive and his machine heads straight towards Filfla: cause unknown.
1045 hrs Five JU 88s drop bombs on Luqa aerodrome.
1050 hrs The remaining Spitfires land safely.
1115 hrs All clear.
1200-1355 hrs Bombs are dropped on the Safi strip and Luqa, and in the sea off Delimara.
1310 hrs Four JU 88s drop bombs in the Zurrieq area and on Safi strip. One JU 88 is engaged by two gun positions of 225 LAA at 5-6000 feet: no claims.
1407 hrs Four JU 88s and one Heinkel 111 escorted by fighters approach the Island Four Hurricanes of 185 Squadron Hal Far are scrambled to intercept the enemy aircraft. Sgt Steele and Sgt Broad engage one JU 88: no visible results. The raiders drop bombs to the west of Luqa and Ta Qali. Heavy and Light Ack Ack engage.
1415 hrs Three Hurricanes 126 Squadron are scrambled from Ta Qali and three Spitfires of 249 Squadron from Luqa. They chase and damage the Heinkel. A second wave of six JU 88s escorted by ME 109s drop twelve bombs on Ta Qali, damaging one Hurricane. Two civilians are killed, two are admitted to hospital and two have minor injuries. Ack Ack engage and damage one JU 88.
1425 hrs Two JU 88s drop bombs in the Mqabba area and near Loreto Church.
1445 hrs The Spitfires and Hurricanes land safely.
1500 hrs One Hurricane at Ta Qali is damaged by a delayed action bomb dropped at 1415 hrs. One civilian is injured and taken to hospital.
1600 hrs Five Hurricanes of 185 Squadron Hal Far are scrambled to intercept a formation of JU 88s. Sgt Steele and Sgt Sutherland attack one JU, hitting the fuselage and engines. Sgt Sutherland engages a ME 109, scoring hits between the engine and cockpit.
1619 hrs A six-wave attack of bombers protected by a large fighter force. The first wave of six JU 88 drops bombs on Sliema, Tigne and Marsaxmett Harbour.
One JU 88 drops bombs on Kirkop and Qrendi.
Three JU 88s drop bombs on Safi and to the north of Luqa.
One aircraft recedes from south to north at 18000 feet.
Six JU 88s drops bomb on the Qrendi strip and in the sea.
Six JU 88s drops bombs on Ta Qali, Luqa and Hal Far. Malta’s fighters are up and damage one HE 111, one JU 88 and two ME 109s. Light Ack Ack destroy one JU 88 and damage another.
1725 hrs Three JU 88s drop bombs on the Safi strip. Three out of service Wellingtons are further damaged and written off. Guns of 225 LAA Battery engage two JU 88s and one ME 109 at 4-5000 feet: no claims.
1830 hrs Two Hurricanes 126 Squadron take off from Hal Far with five other Hurricanes of 185 Squadron to intercept an incoming formation. The two Hurricanes of 126 chase a JU 88 which is last seen diving steeply into the sea.
1836 hrs Four JU 88s drop bombs on the Safi strip and Misrah Blandun.
1840 hrs Two Spitfires of 249 Squadron are scrambled from Luqa and patrol behind the Hurricanes. Two ME 109s are spotted. S/L Grant damages one with cannon shells and P/O Plagis attacks the other, observing pieces fall from the aircraft.
1842 hrs Guns of 225 Light Ack Ack Battery engage two JU 88s at 3-4000 feet: three gun positions claim five hits in total.
1846 hrs Guns of 225 Light Ack Ack Battery engage one JU 88 at 3-4000 feet. All guns claim hits; two confirmed on the fuselage and starboard wing of one aircraft. Gunners collect fallen fragments of fuselage and a rubber dinghy. The plane recedes south apparently badly damaged.
1920 hrs All clear.
2007 hrs One aircraft approaches from the north, is barraged over Grand Harbour and drops its bomb load in the sea.
2044 hrs Three aircraft approach from the north and drop bombs in the sea to the east of Mellieha.
2200 hrs Two aircraft approach from the north and drop bombs on Pembroke Ranges, on Naxxar and in the sea.
2235 hrs One aircraft drops bombs in the Rabat area.
2332-0100 hrs Seven aircraft approach from the north and drop bombs on the Rabat and Rocco areas, and in the sea.
0156 hrs Two aircraft approach from the north and drop bombs on St Georges and in the sea.
0340 hrs Three aircraft drop bombs in the sea west of Gozo and another drops bombs to the south of Latnia.
0517 hrs Seven aircraft approach the Island: one drops bombs near San Rocco fort, the remainder in the sea.
Military casualties Flight Sergeant Ian Cormack Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, 249 Squadron. Gunner Carmel Darmanin, 1 Coast Regiment, Royal Malta Artillery.
Civilian casualties Birkirkara Alfred Calleja, age 35. Hamrun George Debono, age 43. Lija Charles Lanzon, age 36. Paola Giuseppe Delia, age 60; Joseph Delia, age 4; George Gauci, age 80. Qormi Carmelo Aquilina, age 77. Rabat Francis Mallia, Ena Mallia Pulvirenti, age 12; Salvu Portelli, age 37; Andrew Spiteri, age 11; Samuel Vassallo, age 25. Siggiewi Carmelo Baldacchino, age 44. Sliema Eddie Bartolo, age 38; Joseph Bartolo, age 38; Alfred Calapai, age 54; Antonio Fava, age 20; Paul Formosa, age 50; Giuseppa Micallef, age 54; Joseph Micallef, age 11; Joseph Mifsud, age 66; Albert Mifsud, age 14; Anthony Pisani, age 38; Carmela Sghendo, age 15; Francis Spiteri, age 14; Alfred Vella, age 45. Valletta Muriel Brocklebank, age 47. Zebbug Giuseppe Petroni, age 29. Zejtun Joseph Mercieca, age 45. Zurrieq Ursola Schembri, age 58.
OPERATIONS REPORTS TUESDAY 17 MARCH 1942
ROYAL NAVY MLs 126 and 130 arrived from Gibraltar. Five Albacores left to attack convoy sighted earlier but failed to find. Three Swordfish attacked one merchant vessel of 2000 tons east of Tripoli. One torpedo was dropped and left ship ablaze from stem to stern. Two Swordfish and four Albacores sighted and attacked two merchant vessels and two destroyers in Lampedusa area. Two torpedoes dropped and one hit on a 7000 ton merchant vessel is claimed.
AIR HQ Arrivals One Hudson, one Wellington from Gibraltar. Departures Four Spitfires to 108 MU.
HAL FAR Five Albacores 828 Squadron dispatched to attack convoy – nothing sighted. Three Swordfish 830 Squadron on shipping search. They attacked one merchant vessel (position east Tripoli 25 miles, 10 miles from shore). A hit was scored: merchant vessel left ablaze from stem to stern. One Swordfish – S/L Shute, Mid. Hillery – missing.
LUQA 0712-1300 hrs One Maryland 69 Squadron special search south and east of Malta for enemy shipping. 1534-1940 hrs One Maryland 69 Squadron special search for enemy shipping.
TA QALI Signal 0831 HQ: Identity of 242 and 605 Squadrons cease to exist as such on Malta with effect from 15 March 1942. Pilots being absorbed with existing fighter squadrons at Ta Qali and Hal Far. Night operations: no interceptions.
1st BN THE CHESHIRE REGIMENT B Company on exercise Corrodino area; normal work for other Companies. 1400 hrs A Company cross-country run.
2ND BN THE ROYAL IRISH FUSILIERS St Patrick’s Day parade of Battalion at San Pawl Tat Targe. Shamrock presented by GOC. March to Naxxar for church parade and sermon by Rev Navin. Dinner in evening attended by Brigadier L/Col Iggleden, L/Col Brittorous. Men entertained by concert party.
FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB Reported 16-20 March 35 (average 7 per day).
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