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AXIS LAUNCH DAYLIGHT STRIKES ON MALTA
After weeks of domination in the Mediterranean, suddenly the fortunes of war have turned against the British fleet. In a matter of days Malta’s Strike Forces have been significantly depleted, and in Alexandria the battleships Queen Elizabeth and Valiant severely damaged in an attack by Italian manned torpedoes within the harbour. The Italian Navy has secured dominance in the Eastern Mediterranean.
The Axis can now concentrate their air forces on the task of neutralizing the stronghold of the Allied position in the Mediterranean: Malta.
AIR RAIDS 20 DECEMBER 1941
0916-1037 hrs Air raid alarm for forty enemy aircraft comprising fighters and bombers which approached and attacked the Island. Bombs were dropped on Zabbar, Marsascala, Sliema, Grand Harbour, Valletta and also in the sea. Several houses were demolished, others damaged. One civilian was killed, five seriously injured and thirty slightly injured in scattered localities.
Hurricanes engaged destroying one JU 88 and damaging three JU 88’s, 2 Macchi 202’s probably destroyed. 2 Hurricanes missing. Enemy aircraft engaged by heavy Ack Ack and Bofors, one JU 88 damaged by Bofors fire.
All unexploded bombs reported are German, including incendiaries and High Explosives (HE). One at the Dockyard School is found to be a 500kg HE.
1703-1731 hrs Air raid alarm. 12 enemy aircraft crossed coast and dropped bombs in Senglea. Heavy Ack Ack and Bofors engaged enemy aircraft over Grand Harbour.
2004-2020 hrs Air raid alarm. No engagement.
Military casualties Flying Officer Brian Cavan, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, 249 Squadron; Sergeant Howard Moren, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, 249 Squadron.
Civilian casualties Zabbar Anthony Lija, age 76.
OPERATIONS REPORTS SATURDAY 20 DECEMBER 1941
ROYAL NAVY Jaguar arrived with Kandahar’s survivors. Urge returned from patrol in Straits of Messina. Battleship hit, did NOT pass to eastward, after attack.
LUQA 69 Squadron One Maryland special search for damaged destroyer; one Maryland SF 6 patrol. Photo-reconnaissance (PR) Unit 2 Tripoli & Castel Benito; one Maryland PR Argostoli, Patra and C Pappos. 18 Squadron One Blenheim SF 1 patrol; two Blenheims despatched to attack merchant vessel (no attack made); four Blenheims attacked Zuara and district. 107 Squadron One Blenheim SF 1 patrol; five Blenheims despatched to attack Mellaha. Target not located so attacked various targets in the vicinity.
CENTRAL INFANTRY BRIGADE High explosive bombs dropped in various parts of area (especially in Dockyard area, Marsa, Luqa) during daylight attacks of considerable duration. No military damage or casualties.
2nd BATTALION THE DEVONSHIRE REGIMENT 0916 hrs Attack on Grand Harbour area. Two planes were observed in difficulties but not definitely seen to crash. All clear 1045.
FORTRESS ROYAL ENGINEERS Bomb Disposal UXB Reported 69.
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