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ONLY AN AIR SERVICE CAN MOVE PERSONNEL, SUPPLIES AND MAIL FAST ENOUGH
From: Governor & C in C Malta To: War Office
I request the following may be taken up with the Air Ministry and Admiralty:
- The necessity for some regular form of communication to and from Malta, either by sea or air, has been recognised for several months. It has been accepted that any regular form of sea communication is out of the question for the present. Transport by air is thus the only solution, but I have not made proposals previously as I had been informed that the types of aircraft needed for this service were all required for more important work.
- The necessity for air transport is:
- To provide a means of moving personnel either east or west. At the present time communication with England is most irregular and very infrequent. A very considerable number of personnel have been awaiting transport from Egypt for many months. Their number is quite beyond the capacity of the present movements of aircraft or submarines from that country. Many instances have occurred of officers required urgently in England and the eastern Mediterranean being held up here for six weeks or more owing to the lack of transport.
- The offensive operations from this base frequently necessitate certain stores for operational purposes being moved here as quickly as possible. Air is the only solution. At the present time the quantity of these stores exceeds the capacity of transport available.
- For the prompt despatch and receipt of mail. The lack of this at the present time is leading to many long and detailed cypher telegrams which have to be sent since no other sure means of transmission is available. Again, the absence of news from home caused by the very infrequent mail service has, in these difficult times, an adverse effect on the morale of the Garrison. This is further aggravated by the impossibility for the men to send letters home in any confidence that they will arrive in a reasonable time.
- For the sake of the efficiency of this Fortress, the need for a regular and reliable air service is very great indeed, and has a direct bearing on our ability to conduct offensive operations for the reasons I have given above. Such a service would be of immense value to use but, on the other hand, it is not possible for us to judge here whether commitments in other parts of the world are more important than our own. I feel, however, that a stage has now been reached where I must represent the great necessity for this service to responsible authorities in order that it may be considered carefully in relation to commitments elsewhere. Heads of Services agree with this telegram.
From: War Office To: Governor & C in C Malta
Your request is under urgent consideration here. The necessity for a regular air transport service is fully appreciated but the provision of an adequate number of aircraft of a suitable type is our chief difficulty at present.
AIR RAIDS DAWN 4 OCTOBER TO DAWN 5 OCTOBER 1941
Weather Fine, some cloud.
AM Air raid alert for six enemy aircraft heading towards Malta from the north. Eight Hurricanes 185 Squadron are scrambled and circle over the Island. The raiders turn away without crossing the coast and there is no engagement. One fighter of P/O Veitch crashes into the sea one mile from Benghaisa Point. The rescue launch conducts a search and finds only wreckage. It is thought the crash may have been caused by a failure in the oxygen supply.
1547-1610 hrs Air raid alert for 15 enemy aircraft approaching the Island. 13 Hurricanes (two 185 Squadron and eleven 249 Squadron) are scrambled but the raiders retire towards Sicily and there is no engagement.
1613-1620 hrs Air raid alert for the same formation which turns back towards Malta before circling away again.
1747-1758 hrs Air raid alert for a single enemy aircraft approaching the Island. 13 Hurricanes (two 185 Squadron and eleven 249 Squadron) are scrambled but the raiders turn away before any interception.
0200 hrs Summer time ends. All clocks put back one hour.
0310-0400 hrs Air raid alert for two enemy aircraft which approach the Island singly. One crosses over Gozo, dropping bombs in the sea. The second crosses the coast of Malta and drops 50kg high explosive bombs between on the Safi area causing damage to civilian property and four civilian casualties. Two Malta Night Fighters are scrambled. One of the raiders is spotted by moonlight at 800 yards range but retreats rapidly and there is no engagement.
0512-0523 hrs Air raid alert for a single enemy aircraft which approaches and drops bombs in the sea south of the Island. Searchlights illuminate the raider but it stays away from the coast and guns do not engage.
Military casualties Leading Aircraftsman Duncan MacMillan, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve; Pilot Officer Peter J B Veitch, Royal Air Force, 185 Squadron.
OPERATIONS REPORTS SATURDAY 4 OCTOBER 1941
ROYAL NAVY Upright returned from patrol off Rasocolino, where she sank a small destroyer and sighted two U boats. Regent sailed at short notice to intercept convoy east of Tripoli. Sokol also sailed at short notice to search for the crew of a missing Blenheim. Two Swordfish carried out an anti-submarine patrol for enemy submarines reported in vicinity of Malta, but without result.
AIR HQ Departures 1 Beaufighter, 4 Blenheim, 1 Maryland. 38 Squadron 11 Wellingtons attacked a convoy in the south Ionian Sea. 69 Squadron Marylands photoreconnaissance Tripoli, patrols central Ionian Sea, east Sicilian coast and special search for a convoy. 107 Squadron 8 Blenheims attacked Zuara Sgt Hamlyn (with Sgt Latter and Sgt Williams) was attacked by Italian CR 42 fighters and ditched in the sea. An air and sea search has been mounted. 830 Squadron Fleet air Arm 7 Swordfish attacked a convoy off the coast of Tripoli leaving two merchant vessels sinking and a damaging a third.
NORTHERN INFANTRY BRIGADE Storms wash up several mines on the coast which are rendered safe.
11th Bn LANCASHIRE FUSILIERS A mine was found floating dangerously close to a Battalion defence post; the post was evacuated but the mine disappeared during the night and the post was reoccupied.
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