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AFTER 7 MONTHS MUSSOLINI’S SEA POWER HAS FAILED TO DOMINATE
A total of nine Royal Navy submarines have been lost in the Mediterranean since Italy declared war in June. This is viewed as a poor exchange for the sinking of 10 Italian merchant ships of 45,000 tons.
Most of the lost submarines were the large, older boats transferred from the Far East and unsuited to the waters of the Mediterranean. In the same period the Italians have lost 18 submarines from all causes throughout the Mediterranean and Red Sea areas.
Mussolini’s claimed domination of the Mediterranean has not materialised. In spite of the loss of French naval power, Force H and the Mediterranean Fleet have more than held the Italian Navy in check. As 1940 draws to a close, the balance of power in the Mediterranean increasingly rests with the Allies. (1)
As a result, Malta has been regularly supplied and reinforced. At the same time, the Italian Regia Aeronautica has proved unable to subdue Malta through bombing raids. Despite limited resources, RAF fighters and anti-aircraft gunners have frequently forced enemy raiders to turn back before their attack can be launched. In recent weeks, with the arrival of Wellington bombers, the Island has been given an attacking role in the war against the Axis in Italy and Greece.
A significant Luftwaffe force has now been moved into Sicily. As yet they have carried out no missions over Malta.
AIR RAIDS DAWN 31 DECEMBER 1940 TO DAWN 1 JANUARY 1941
No air raids.
OPERATIONS REPORTS TUESDAY 31 DECEMBER 1940
KALAFRANA Sunderland aircraft of 228 Squadron operated on 10 days during the month, carrying out 11 long reconnaissances mainly to the north east of Malta, including one night naval co-operation patrol. In addition, one search patrol for missing Swordfish was undertaken but was not successful. Two communication flights were carried out by Sunderlands between Middle East and Gibraltar with passengers and mail.
8th Bn MANCHESTER REGIMENT B Company HQ moved from Chateau Bertrand to new premises on Imtarfa Hill. Chateau Bertrand was handed over to the RAF. The CO addressed officers and NCOs of the unit. During the month air raids have only been intensive during the arrival of convoys. New defence posts have been sited at Il Kella, Ghain Tuffieha village and St Paul’s Church. Drastic economy has been made in the use of petrol. Bathing parties walk and all buses have been stopped except for special services. The unit has supplied fatigue parties to Targa Battery and Fort Mosta, unloading ammunition. A junior NCOs course is in progress at Ghain Tuffieha camp. Subjects covered consist of weapon training, section leading, map and compass work, etc. A long-service decoration has been awarded to several members of the unit. There has been a certain amount of flooding of beach posts due to bad drainage requiring the removal of personnel to temporary alternative accommodation. The RAF petrol barge in St Paul’s Bay has been driven onto the rocks by rough seas.
2nd Bn ROYAL WEST KENT REGIMENT 1630 hrs Company take over of Rinella Sector complete. During the month Maltese labour was employed alongside troops in constructing anti-aircraft posts around the aerodrome. On each air raid alert these posts were manned by one NCO and two men. Training for the inter-platoon fitness competition and route marches were carried out when possible.
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